Peace, War, and Defense Major, B.A.

Peace and war are among the oldest dreams and most difficult challenges of human experience. The curriculum brings together faculty and courses from many disciplines to provide undergraduates with a range of approaches to the fundamental issues of human conflict and national and global security and defense.

Student Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the peace, war, and defense program, students should be able to:

  • Express themselves effectively in written and oral communication
  • Use appropriate research methodology
  • Demonstrate knowledge of major concepts, theoretical perspectives, and history of peace and war
  • Think critically and analytically in approaches to the concepts, perspectives, and history of peace and war
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the interrelationships between the various disciplinary approaches to the study of peace and war

Requirements 

In addition to the program requirements, students must

  • earn a minimum final cumulative GPA of 2.000
  • complete a minimum of 45 academic credit hours earned from UNC–Chapel Hill courses
  • take at least half of their major core requirements (courses and credit hours) at UNC–Chapel Hill
  • earn a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.000 in the major core requirements. Some programs may require higher standards for major or specific courses.

For more information, please consult the degree requirements section of the catalog.

Core Requirements
HIST/PWAD 266IDEAs in Action General Education logo Global History of Warfare3
PHIL/PWAD 272IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Ethics of Peace, War, and Defense3
PWAD 250IDEAs in Action General Education logo Introduction to Peace and Security Studies3
Four courses from one concentration (see course lists below) 112
Two courses chosen from outside the area of concentration (see course lists below) 16
Additional Requirements
Through level 5 of a single modern foreign language. 23
All General Education requirements must be met. In fulfilling General Education requirements, majors should consider the following courses as helpful preparation for the curriculum:
IDEAs in Action General Education logo General Anthropology H
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Introduction to Economics H, F
IDEAs in Action General Education logo American History to 1865
IDEAs in Action General Education logo American History since 1865
IDEAs in Action General Education logo The World since 1945
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Early Modern European History, 1450-1815
IDEAs in Action General Education logo From War to Prosperity: 20th-Century Europe
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Calculus for Business and Social Sciences F
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Virtue, Value, and Happiness: An Introduction to Moral Theory H
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Liberty, Rights, and Responsibilities: Introduction to Social Ethics and Political Thought H
IDEAs in Action General Education logo American Democracy in Changing Times H, F
IDEAs in Action General Education logo International Relations and Global Politics H, F
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Introduction to European Government H
IDEAs in Action General Education logo General Psychology F
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Sociological Perspectives H
IDEAs in Action General Education logo Introduction to Data Analysis
Total Hours30
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

F

FY-Launch class sections may be available. A FY-Launch section fulfills the same requirements as a standard section of that course, but also fulfills the FY-SEMINAR/FY-LAUNCH First-Year Foundations requirement. Students can search for FY-Launch sections in ConnectCarolina using the FY-LAUNCH attribute.

1

PWAD 396, PWAD 680, PWAD 490, PWAD 690 and PWAD 691H may be applied toward the concentration requirement with the permission of the chair. Students can request that relevant courses not on this list, but offered as first-year seminars, honors seminars, or topics courses in other departments, be used to fulfill major requirements. This requires the approval of the chair.

2

Alternatively, students can take one semester of POLI 281 or STOR 151 or STOR 155, or students may suggest a substitute statistics-heavy methodology course.

The Culture of Peace and War

ANTH 280IDEAs in Action General Education logo Anthropology of War and Peace3
ASIA/HIST 276IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Modern Middle East3
ASIA/JWST 357/PWAD 362IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Arab-Jews: Culture, Community, and Coexistence3
ASIA/JWST/PWAD 425IDEAs in Action General Education logo Beyond Hostilities: Israeli-Palestinian Exchanges and Partnerships in Film, Literature, and Music3
ASIA/PWAD 69IDEAs in Action General Education logo First-Year Seminar: Wars and Veterans: Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan3
ASIA/PWAD 331IDEAs in Action General Education logo Cracking India: Partition and Its Legacy in South Asia H3
ASIA/PWAD 435IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Cinemas of the Middle East and North Africa3
ASIA/PWAD 427IDEAs in Action General Education logo Cold War Culture in East Asia: Transnational and Intermedial Connections3
CMPL/PWAD 489Empire and Diplomacy H3
COMM 376The Rhetoric of War and Peace3
COMM 574War and Culture3
COMM/PWAD 355Terrorism and Political Violence3
COMM/PWAD 575Presidential Rhetoric3
ENGL/PWAD 161IDEAs in Action General Education logo Literature of War from World War I to the 21st Century3
ENGL 659IDEAs in Action General Education logo War in 20th-Century Literature H3
ENGL 660War in Shakespeare's Plays3
ENGL 488/PWAD 484IDEAs in Action General Education logo Critical Security Studies3
GERM/PWAD 283Freedom, Terror, and Identity: Modern Philosophy from Kant to Arendt3
GSLL 84IDEAs in Action General Education logo First-Year Seminar: Terror for the People: Terrorism in Russian Literature and History3
GSLL 85IDEAs in Action General Education logo First-Year Seminar: Children and War3
GSLL/JWST/PWAD 465Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe3
GSLL 467Language and Political Identity3
HIST 134Modern East Asia3
HIST/PWAD 248Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America3
HIST 254IDEAs in Action General Education logo War and Society in Early Modern Europe3
HIST 262IDEAs in Action General Education logo History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews3
HIST 277IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Conflict over Israel/Palestine3
HIST 281The Pacific War, 1937-1945: Its Causes and Legacy3
HIST 373The United States in World War II3
HIST 421Alexander3
HIST 422Ancient Greek Warfare H3
HIST 432The Crusades3
HIST 565Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848-19003
HIST 570The Vietnam War3
HIST/PWAD 273IDEAs in Action General Education logo Water, Conflict, and Connection in the Middle East3
HIST/PWAD 354/WGST 353War and Gender in Movies H3
HIST/PWAD/WGST 517Gender, Military, and War 3
LAW 252International Law (permission of the PWAD chair and instructor)3
MEJO 653Leadership in a Time of Change H3
MUSC 289Sounds of War and Revolution3
PLCY/PWAD 450IDEAs in Action General Education logo Internal and Interpersonal Conflict Management3
POLI 260IDEAs in Action General Education logo Crisis and Change in Russia and Eastern Europe3
POLI 416Constitutional Policies and the Judicial Process3
POLI 450Contemporary Inter-American Relations H3
POLI 469Conflict and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia H3
POLI/PWAD 458IDEAs in Action General Education logo International Conflict Management and Resolution H3
PWAD 364Post-Conflict and Peacebuilding3
PWAD 388 Chinese Strategic Thought: Antiquity to the Present3
PWAD/SOCI 411Social Movements3
PWAD 673IDEAs in Action General Education logo Post-Conflict Security Challenges3
PSYC 490Current Topics in Psychology H3
PUBA/PWAD 635Military Leadership and Public Service3
RELI 481IDEAs in Action General Education logo Religion, Fundamentalism, and Nationalism3
RELI 583IDEAs in Action General Education logo Religion and Culture in Iran, 1500-Present3
RUSS 475Literature of Russian Terrorism: Arson, Bombs, Mayhem3
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

International Security and Intelligence

AAAD 312Terrorism in Africa3
ANTH 280IDEAs in Action General Education logo Anthropology of War and Peace3
ASIA/HIST 276IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Modern Middle East3
ASIA/PWAD 331IDEAs in Action General Education logo Cracking India: Partition and Its Legacy in South Asia H3
CMPL/PWAD 489Empire and Diplomacy H3
COMM/PWAD 575Presidential Rhetoric3
ECON 460IDEAs in Action General Education logo International Economics3
ENEC 108Our Energy and Climate Crises: Challenges and Opportunities4
GEOG 120IDEAs in Action General Education logo World Regional Geography3
GEOG 453IDEAs in Action General Education logo Political Geography3
GSLL 84IDEAs in Action General Education logo First-Year Seminar: Terror for the People: Terrorism in Russian Literature and History3
GSLL 85IDEAs in Action General Education logo First-Year Seminar: Children and War3
GSLL/JWST/PWAD 465Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe3
GSLL 467Language and Political Identity3
HIST 134Modern East Asia3
HIST 205IDEAs in Action General Education logo War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1618-18153
HIST 213Air Power and Modern Warfare3
HIST/PWAD 248Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America3
HIST 262IDEAs in Action General Education logo History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews3
HIST 277IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Conflict over Israel/Palestine3
HIST 577United States Foreign Relations in the 20th Century3
HIST/PWAD 206IDEAs in Action General Education logo War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1815-19453
HIST/PWAD 578Transatlantic Relations and Contemporary Geo-Politics from the Cold War to the Present3
HPM 634Public Health Issues in Community Preparedness and Disaster Management3
LAW 252International Law (permission of the PWAD chair and instructor)3
PLCY 210Policy Innovation and Analysis H3
PLCY 220IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Politics of Public Policy H3
PLCY/PWAD 101IDEAs in Action General Education logo Making Public Policy H3
PLCY/PWAD 110IDEAs in Action General Education logo Global Policy Issues H3
PLCY/PWAD 430Analysis of National Security Policy3
POLI 150IDEAs in Action General Education logo International Relations and Global Politics H, F3
POLI 231Latin America and the United States in World Politics3
POLI 252International Organizations and Global Issues H3
POLI 253Problems in World Order3
POLI 256IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Politics of the First Era (1880-1914) of Globalization3
POLI 260IDEAs in Action General Education logo Crisis and Change in Russia and Eastern Europe3
POLI 443American Foreign Policy: Formulation and Conduct3
POLI 450Contemporary Inter-American Relations H3
POLI 452IDEAs in Action General Education logo Africa and International Conflict3
POLI 469Conflict and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia H3
POLI 631European Security: The Enlarging European Union and the Trans-Atlantic Relationship3
POLI/PWAD 287IDEAs in Action General Education logo Strategy and International Relations3
POLI/PWAD 444IDEAs in Action General Education logo Terrorism and International Peace3
POLI/PWAD 457International Conflict Processes3
POLI/PWAD 458IDEAs in Action General Education logo International Conflict Management and Resolution H3
POLI/PWAD 459Trans-Atlantic Security H3
PSYC 490Current Topics in Psychology H3
PWAD 352The History of Intelligence Operations3
PWAD 353Intelligence Analysis: Research Methods and Writing3
PWAD 356Strategic Intelligence and International Security3
PWAD 357International Intelligence Services3
PWAD 358Cyber Security: Advanced and Persistent Threats to National Security3
PWAD 359Comparative History of National Intelligence Regimes3
PWAD 360The History of Warning Intelligence3
PWAD 361The History of Deception3
PWAD 363Ethical Issues in Intelligence and National Security3
PWAD 364Post-Conflict and Peacebuilding3
PWAD 388 Chinese Strategic Thought: Antiquity to the Present3
PWAD 486National Security Decision Making3
PWAD 488Nuclear Security in the 21st Century3
PWAD 673IDEAs in Action General Education logo Post-Conflict Security Challenges3
PWAD 674IDEAs in Action General Education logo Research Seminar on the History of Covert Action3
RELI 481IDEAs in Action General Education logo Religion, Fundamentalism, and Nationalism3
RUSS 475Literature of Russian Terrorism: Arson, Bombs, Mayhem3
SOCI 481Managing International Conflict3
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

F

FY-Launch class sections may be available. A FY-Launch section fulfills the same requirements as a standard section of that course, but also fulfills the FY-SEMINAR/FY-LAUNCH First-Year Foundations requirement. Students can search for FY-Launch sections in ConnectCarolina using the FY-LAUNCH attribute.

The Evolution of Warfare

AAAD 312Terrorism in Africa3
COMM/PWAD 355Terrorism and Political Violence3
ENGL 660War in Shakespeare's Plays3
GSLL/JWST/PWAD 465Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe3
HIST 212History of Sea Power3
HIST 213Air Power and Modern Warfare3
HIST/PWAD 238IDEAs in Action General Education logo The American Revolution, 1763-18153
HIST 254IDEAs in Action General Education logo War and Society in Early Modern Europe3
HIST 262IDEAs in Action General Education logo History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews3
HIST 277IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Conflict over Israel/Palestine3
HIST 281The Pacific War, 1937-1945: Its Causes and Legacy3
HIST 368War and American Society to 19033
HIST 369War and American Society3
HIST 373The United States in World War II3
HIST 421Alexander3
HIST 422Ancient Greek Warfare H3
HIST 432The Crusades3
HIST 565Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848-19003
HIST 570The Vietnam War3
HIST 577United States Foreign Relations in the 20th Century3
HIST/PWAD 205IDEAs in Action General Education logo War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1618-18153
HIST/PWAD 206IDEAs in Action General Education logo War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1815-19453
HIST/PWAD 207IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Global Cold War3
HIST/PWAD 245IDEAs in Action General Education logo The United States and the Cold War: Origins, Development, Legacy3
HIST/PWAD 248Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America3
HIST/PWAD 251IDEAs in Action General Education logo The Thirty Years War (1618-1648): Europe in an Age of Crisis3
HIST/PWAD 578Transatlantic Relations and Contemporary Geo-Politics from the Cold War to the Present3
HIST 486/PWAD 485Extremism, Terrorism, and Security in Postwar Europe H3
HIST/PWAD 354/WGST 353War and Gender in Movies H3
HIST/PWAD/WGST 517Gender, Military, and War 3
MUSC 289Sounds of War and Revolution3
POLI 150IDEAs in Action General Education logo International Relations and Global Politics H, F3
POLI/PWAD 444IDEAs in Action General Education logo Terrorism and International Peace3
POLI/PWAD 459Trans-Atlantic Security H3
PSYC 490Current Topics in Psychology (with approval, based on topic) H3
PWAD 352The History of Intelligence Operations3
PWAD 388 Chinese Strategic Thought: Antiquity to the Present3
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

F

FY-Launch class sections may be available. A FY-Launch section fulfills the same requirements as a standard section of that course, but also fulfills the FY-SEMINAR/FY-LAUNCH First-Year Foundations requirement. Students can search for FY-Launch sections in ConnectCarolina using the FY-LAUNCH attribute.

Special Opportunities in Peace, War, and Defense

Additional information on all of these subjects, including lists of internship possibilities, can be found on the curriculum's website.  

Honors in Peace, War, and Defense

Majors who earn at least a 3.3 overall grade point average and at least a 3.3 grade point average in the major through their junior year may apply to the chair of the curriculum for permission to enroll in PWAD 691H and PWAD 692H. Students interested in honors must take a research seminar in peace, war, and defense (PWAD 670 or PWAD 680), a seminar in history (HIST 398), or another course that provides background in research design. For students who wish to write an honors thesis in their senior year, a thesis topic should be approved by an appropriate thesis director by the end of the junior year. Students prepare an honors thesis in PWAD 691H and PWAD 692H and defend it orally. PWAD 691H can be used to fulfill the student’s chosen concentration requirement; PWAD 692H provides credit hours toward the major but cannot be used to satisfy concentration requirements. Based on faculty evaluations, the baccalaureate degree may be conferred with honors or with highest honors, or merely with course credit.

Departmental Involvement

The curriculum is also now a participating institution in the Intelligence Community: Center for Academic Excellence (IC-CAE).

Experiential Education

Internship courses provide students with the opportunity to earn academic credit while obtaining practical work experience in agencies and organizations clearly related to national and international security. In recent years students have served in these and other agencies: The Central Intelligence Agency, Durham Police Department, Office of Naval Intelligence, Defense Intelligence Agency, Carolina for Kibera, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Peace Action, United States Army Special Operations Command, and many more. Students are limited to one internship for credit, and all internships are limited to three hours of academic credit. Although some routine administrative tasks are required in any professional setting, the expectation is that a majority of the intern’s work will be directed toward the substantive mission of the agency and that tasks will be of a nature to justify awarding academic credit. All internships require prior approval, and all must consist of at least eight hours per week and at least 100 hours per semester. Students must sign an internship contract with their agency and faculty supervisors, setting out expectations and course requirements. Interns are required to keep a daily work journal. Once approved for an internship, students enroll in PWAD 393, which is offered on a Pass/Fail basis only and therefore does not count toward the nine courses required for the major. Students wishing credit towards the major derived from their internship work should pursue an independent study with a faculty supervisor either while taking the internship or in the next semester. That independent study should produce a major written product, would be graded normally, and receives credit in the major.

Study Abroad

The curriculum encourages all undergraduates to study abroad either for a summer, a semester, or an entire year. Students should consult the study abroad website and visit the Study Abroad Office as early as possible in their course of study to meet with a study abroad advisor. A number of foreign programs contain courses that qualify for major credit. Of particular usefulness is study at the King’s College, University of London War Studies Department, the closest analogue to the Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense in the English-speaking world and a program with a renowned faculty. Students with at least a 3.3 grade point average are eligible to apply to King’s College. While supervision arrangements need to be negotiated and agreed with relevant faculty members, students writing honors theses in their senior year may also apply to spend the year at King’s College.

Undergraduate Research

Students who qualify are encouraged to experience original research by writing a senior honors thesis described in the honors section above.

Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense

Visit Program Website

401 Hamilton Hall, CB# 3200

(919) 962-3093

Chair and Director of Undergraduate Studies

Navin Bapat

bapat@email.unc.edu

Student Services Manager

Luke Morgan

morganlr@email.unc.edu