RELIGIOUS STUDIES (RELI)

RELI 60. First-Year Seminar: Religion and Racism. 3 Credits.

How does religion become a source of ethnic or racial prejudice among religious practitioners? When does prejudice against religious persons constitute a form of racism? This class explores answers to these questions by examining the connections between religion and racism in modern societies like the United States and South Africa.
Gen Ed: SS, CI, US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 61. First-Year Seminar: Religion, Magic, and Science. 3 Credits.

This course explores the ways in which religion, magic, and science are defined in the modern world and the different forms in which supernaturalism circulates within contemporary culture.
Gen Ed: HS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 62. First-Year Seminar: A History of Heresy: Christian Dissent from the Gnostics to the Pentecostals. 3 Credits.

Christian orthodox beliefs or practices often get formulated expressly to marginalize a viewpoint or community considered too radical. This course examines a variety of Western Christian dissenters and the authorities who opposed them: Gnostics; medieval, Spanish, and Latin American inquisitions; Protestant Anabaptists; witches; Galileo; Mormons; and Pentecostals.
Gen Ed: NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 63. First-Year Seminar: The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls. 3 Credits.

In this seminar students learn about the Dead Sea Scrolls, ancient manuscripts dating to the time of Jesus from caves around the site of Qumran by the Dead Sea. They include early copies of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and sectarian works belonging to the Jewish community that lived in Qumran.
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 64. First-Year Seminar: Reintroducing Islam. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the Islamic religious tradition, focusing on major themes of Islamic religious thought, bringing out both traditional spirituality and the critical issues confronting Muslims today.
Gen Ed: PH, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 65. First-Year Seminar: Myth, Philosophy, and Science in the Ancient World. 3 Credits.

This course examines the conflicting ways in which ancient myth, science, and philosophy explained creation of the universe, origins of mankind, nature of dreams, and foundations of culture.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 66. First-Year Seminar: Buddhism in America: From the Buddha to the Beastie Boys. 3 Credits.

Introduces students to Buddhism and traces its history in the United States, highlighting the period since 1965. It focuses on immigrants, converts, and the cultural influence of Buddhism in America.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 67. First-Year Seminar: Nature, Culture, and Self-Identity: Religion in the Construction of Social Life. 3 Credits.

This course explores how different religious traditions conceive of human nature and cultural personhood, and the ways that these understandings are reflected in diverse forms of personal identity and public life.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 68. FYS: Charisma in Religion, Science, and Poetry Studies in the Entrepreneurial Imagination. 3 Credits.

A comparative examination of prophet, scientist, and poet as critics and creators of the entrepreneurial outlook and sensibility in individuals and organizations with special attention to innovator's dilemmas. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 69. First-Year Seminar: Gender and Sexuality in Contemporary Judaism. 3 Credits.

Taking a global perspective, the course compares the manners in which Jewish communities in America, Israel, Europe, Asia, and Africa have accommodated themselves to the changing norms in gender and sexuality in the last generation.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 70. First-Year Seminar: Jesus in Scholarship and Film. 3 Credits.

This seminar explores the ways the historical Jesus has been portrayed in the writings of modern scholars and films of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 71. First-Year Seminar: Ethics and the Spirit of the New Capitalism. 3 Credits.

What does it mean to be ethically literate in the age of information technology? Philosophical and historical inquiries into organizational practices and styles of life.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 72. First-Year Seminar: Apocalypse Now? Messianic Movements in America. 3 Credits.

This course explores the messianic idea in America as well as the messianic movements that have been active in the nation's history and their interaction with American society and culture.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 73. First-Year Seminar: From Dragons to Pokemon: Animals in Japanese Myth, Folklore, and Religion. 3 Credits.

This course examines the cultural construction of animals in Japanese myth, folklore, and religion. Honors version available
Gen Ed: LA, BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 74. First-Year Seminar: Person, Time, and Religious Conduct. 3 Credits.

Within the vast field of activity called "religion," this course examines how people and societies give meaning to the relation between human organisms and the universe in time and space. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 75. First-Year Seminar: Sacrifice and Surrender. 3 Credits.

This course will consider the questions of debt, loss, and surrender as we explore the problem of sacrifice. Readings will address the associated problems of violence, transgression, and animality.
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 76. First-Year Seminar: Money and Morality: Divining Value in Social Life. 3 Credits.

This seminar explores the many ways that different religions and cultures have imagined spiritual wealth, secular riches, and the appropriate modes of interaction between them in different places and times.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 77. First-Year Seminar: Martyrs and Warriors: Religion and the Problem of Violence. 3 Credits.

This seminar asks why some people choose to take life (their own or another's) for religious purposes and how texts, practices, and communities shape these motives. Focuses on martyrological traditions in Western religions, but also tracks idioms of war, sacrifice, and ritualized suffering in other religious contexts and secular discourses.
Gen Ed: PH, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 78. First-Year Seminar: Reading the Bible: Now and Then. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the interpretation of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. We will look at the biblical text as modern interpreters and through the eyes of the Bible's earliest Jewish and Christian interpreters with special attention to changing assumptions about how to read the Bible and the nature of Scripture itself.
Gen Ed: LA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 79. First-Year Seminar: Human Animals in Religion and Ethics. 3 Credits.

This course investigates the figure of the human animal in religion and philosophy. What kind of animal is the human, and what separates humans from animals? We will consider how attending to distinctions between humans and animals can highlight varying ideological and religious viewpoints.
Gen Ed: PH, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 80. First-Year Seminar: Religion and Writing in the Ancient World. 3 Credits.

This seminar considers the role of writing as a technology in the shaping of ancient religious traditions, from the inventions of writing in Mesopotamia and Egypt to the advent of Islam. Topics include the early alphabet, magical/mystical uses of writing, religion and literacy, and the development of "Scripture" (e.g., Bible, Qur'an).
Gen Ed: HS, WB.

RELI 85. First-Year Seminar: Sex, Marriage, and Family in Religion. 3 Credits.

This course approaches the central role of discourses about sexual norms, marriage, and family in select religious traditions. It asks how religious traditions have defined and negotiated normative models for marriage and family in their connection to larger theological frameworks and religious source texts.
Gen Ed: PH, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 88. First-Year Seminar: Religion and Society in Historical Novels. 3 Credits.

In this seminar we will read several books. Most of them are bestsellers and can be described as "historical novels." Having these books as a starting point, we will explore religion and society in Europe and the Middle East in the medieval and early modern period.
Gen Ed: LA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 89. First-Year Seminar: Special Topics. 3 Credits.

Special topics course. Content will vary each semester. Honors version available
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 101. Introduction to Religious Studies. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the academic study of religion that considers approaches to the interpretation of religion and includes study of several religious traditions.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 102. World Religions. 3 Credits.

This course examines forms of religious expression as embodied in several important religious traditions. It investigates religious experience; myth and ritual; teachings and scripture; historical, social, and artistic aspects of religion; and the nature and function of religion in society, with a special focus on ethics and values.
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 103. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Literature. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to the various books of the Hebrew Bible and to the history and culture of ancient Israel, focusing on the formation of national identity, ancient conceptualizations of divinity, ritual practice, and modes of social regulation, all of which are set against the background of the ancient Near East. Honors version available
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 103.

RELI 104. Introduction to the New Testament. 3 Credits.

This course studies the New Testament from both a literary and a historical perspective, focusing on its origins in the land of Israel and moving into the eastern Mediterranean. In it students learn to wrestle with the nature of historical evidence, develop their skills for making argumentation, and learn how to analyze the philosophical and ethical claims of the ancient Christian texts, and participate in class debates on contemporary ethical issues. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 105. Religions of the Greco-Roman World. 3 Credits.

An introduction to religions and the religious life of the ancient world (1000 BCE-300 CE) in various cultural settings: Greek cities, cosmopolitan Hellenistic kingdoms in Egypt and Syria, and the Roman Empire.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 106. Introduction to Early Judaism. 3 Credits.

This course surveys Jewish history and religion during the Second Temple and Rabbinic periods, from the destruction of the First Jewish Temple (Solomon's Temple) in 586 BCE to the Muslim conquest of Palestine (640 CE).
Gen Ed: HS, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 106.

RELI 107. Introduction to Modern Judaism. 3 Credits.

The course offers a comprehensive understanding of the development of Judaism from the late Middle Ages to contemporary times.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 107.

RELI 108. Classic Jewish Texts: From Bible and Dead Sea Scrolls to Kabbalah and Hassidism. 3 Credits.

This course will explore Jewish literary works that are considered "fundamental," "classic," "traditional" (often, all of the above), including the Hebrew Bible, the Mishnah, the Babylonian Talmud, midrashic collections, works by Maimonides, major codes of Jewish law, major kabbalistic, philosophic, poetic, and ethical works, hassidic compositions, and more.
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 109. History and Culture of Ancient Israel. 3 Credits.

An examination extending from Hebrew origins to the Babylonian exile and including political history as well as social and religious institutions. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 110. The Archaeology of Palestine in the New Testament Period. 3 Credits.

This course surveys the archaeology of Palestine (modern Israel and Jordan) from the Persian period (ca. 586 BCE) to the Muslim conquest (640 CE).
Gen Ed: HS, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: CLAR 110, JWST 110.

RELI 117. Culture of the Ancient Near East. 3 Credits.

An overview of the history and culture of the ancient Near East, from the birth of writing through the first millennium BCE, covering the regions of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, and Syria-Palestine.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 121. Introduction to Religion and Culture. 3 Credits.

An introductory course that explores relations between religion and culture through the examination of social theory and the analysis of case studies. The case studies focus on such issues as visual culture, ritual, media, gender, and politics. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 122. Introduction to Philosophical Approaches to Religion. 3 Credits.

An introduction to philosophical approaches to the study of religion, exploring such topics as religious language and experience, the problem of evil, the relation between religious belief and practice, and issues of religious diversity. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 123. Introduction to Jewish Studies. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the broad scope of Jewish history, culture, and identity, from biblical times to the 21st century and from the Middle East to the New World.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 100.

RELI 125. Heaven and Hell. 3 Credits.

This course will explore cultural development and significance of religious notions of an afterlife. Are they coherent? What alternative notions of life after death can we imagine?
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 126. Philosophy of Western Religion. 3 Credits.

A philosophical inquiry into the problems of religious experience and belief, as expressed in philosophic, religious, and literary documents from traditional and contemporary sources. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PHIL 134.

RELI 127. The Claims of Science and Religion. 3 Credits.

The proposition that God exists is treated as a scientific hypothesis. Evidence for and against the hypothesis. The status of other minds and free will in science and religion. Conflicting views about creation, revelation, miracles, and prayers.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 134. Introduction to Religious Ethics. 3 Credits.

A study of the nature, methods, and aims of ethics as seen in exemplary persons and actions with emphasis on religious and social context and contemporary problems. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 135. Technology, the Self, and Ethical Problems. 3 Credits.

Problems in the study of ethics in the new worlds of information technology.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 138. Religious Freedom. 3 Credits.

This course explores the development of religious liberty and freedom of conscience in Western culture by examining both the historical emergence of these concepts and important contemporary controversies.
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 140. Religion in America. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the history, themes, and issues in American religion from the precolonial period to the present. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA, US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 141. African American Religions. 3 Credits.

Survey of the historical development of various African American religious traditions, with emphasis on folk spirituality, gender issues, black nationalism, and the role of the church in the black community. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 142. Catholicism in America. 3 Credits.

An introduction to Roman Catholicism in the United States.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 143. Judaism in Our Time. 3 Credits.

An examination of Judaism in its two major centers, demonstrating how different social and cultural environments shape very different interpretations and practices of the Jewish tradition.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 143.

RELI 151. Religion in Latin America. 3 Credits.

This course surveys the history of Latin American religious traditions from precontact to the present. It explores the contributions of African, indigenous, and European traditions as well as the extraordinary combinations that resulted from their interaction.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 161. Introduction to the History of Christian Traditions. 3 Credits.

Analysis of continuities and innovations in the history of Christian traditions in the West and globally. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 162. Catholicism Today: An Introduction to the Contemporary Catholic Church. 3 Credits.

This course provides students with a first glimpse and insight into the Catholic tradition, past, present, and future: its beliefs, structure, aims, successes, and failures.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 163. Critical Issues in Western Religious Thought. 3 Credits.

A consideration of major questions within and about religious thought.
Gen Ed: HS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 164. Heresy and Inquisition: Religion, Ethics, Marginalization. 3 Credits.

During the Middle Ages and the early modern era, various inquisitions used legal inquiry and torture to determine the boundaries of heresy. This course surveys the influence of these regimes on the doctrine, practices, and morality of heretics, mystics, witches, Jews, and Muslims, in the interest of delimiting "orthodox" Catholicism.
Gen Ed: NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 165. Mysticism. 3 Credits.

Comparative study of mysticism in several religious traditions, Eastern and Western. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 166. Ideals, Cultures, and Rituals of the University. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. A religious studies approach to the rituals, cultures, and disciplines of the university, assessing the ways in which explanatory ideals are embedded, changed, and promoted. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 180. Introduction to Islamic Civilization. 3 Credits.

A broad, comprehensive, and interdisciplinary introduction to the traditional civilization of the Muslim world. Students may not receive credit for both RELI 180/ASIA 180 and ASIA 138/HIST 138.
Gen Ed: HS, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 180.

RELI 181. Modern Muslim Societies. 3 Credits.

This course surveys important developments in modern Muslim societies since the 16th century and up to the present. Topics covered include Muslim experiences with colonialism and nationalism, modernist reform movements, fundamentalism, women's activism and changes in Qur'an interpretation, Islamic law, and religious practice. Students may not receive credit for both RELI 181/ASIA 181 and ASIA 139/HIST 139.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 181.

RELI 183. Asian Religions. 3 Credits.

An introduction to major religions of South Asia and East Asia, such as Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, and Shinto.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 183.

RELI 184. East Asian Religions: The Religions of East Asia and the Environment. 3 Credits.

This course surveys East Asian religions and their relationship with the natural world. It provides an East Asian religious perspective on environmental thought and an environmental perspective on East Asian religions. We will explore parallels and divergences, and how each can enrich and critique the other.
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 185. Women/Gender/Islam. 3 Credits.

A survey of gender roles in Muslim societies from the advent of Islam to the present. It explores how Muslims have interpreted the Qur'an to determine discourses on gender and sexuality and emphasizes the role of religious authority as well as historical/geographical contexts for Muslim women's lives. Honors version available
Gen Ed: BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 196. Independent Study. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Subject matter will vary with instructor but will always be focused on a particular problem or issue.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit. 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 201. Ancient Biblical Interpretation. 3 Credits.

The course looks at the origins of biblical interpretation, how the Hebrew Bible was interpreted around the turn of the Common Era, the key formative period for early Christianity and rabbinic Judaism. We consider the nature of interpretation as an endeavor, as well as how the Bible came to be viewed as Scripture. Honors version available
Gen Ed: LA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 205. Sacrifice in the Ancient World. 3 Credits.

This course examines the religious phenomenon of sacrifice with a focus on examples from the ancient Mediterranean world (including Greece, ancient Israel, and the Near East). Honors version available
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 206. Prophecy and Divination in Ancient Israel and Judah. 3 Credits.

An examination of prophecy and divination in the Israelite-Jewish traditions and in their environments, including an analysis of the major biblical prophets. Honors version available
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 206.

RELI 207. Jesus in Myth, Tradition, and History 30-200 CE. 3 Credits.

An analysis of the variety of traditions used in the first two centuries to portray Jesus, focusing on the reasons for this variety and the historical and literary problems it presents.
Gen Ed: PH, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 208. The Birth of Christianity. 3 Credits.

An analysis of the origin of the Christian church and its early expansion, with particular emphasis on the problems evident in the shift from a Jewish to a Gentile framework. Paul's role in defining and resolving the issues is considered in detail and evaluated in the light of subsequent events.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 209. Varieties of Early Christianity. 3 Credits.

A study of various forms of Christianity in the second and third centuries (e.g., Gnosticism, Marcionism, Montanism), focusing on their polemical relationship to orthodox Christianity. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 211. Classical Hebrew I: A Linguistic Introduction to the Hebrew Bible. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the culture and history of ancient Israel through an exploration of the language of the Hebrew Bible. Students will learn the essentials for basic engagement with biblical Hebrew, then consider what this linguistic evidence reveals about the historical and cultural background of the Hebrew Bible.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 211.

RELI 212. Classical Hebrew II: A Linguistic Introduction to the Hebrew Bible. 3 Credits.

This course explores the linguistic background of the Hebrew Bible, giving special attention to the literary aspect of biblical interpretation. Specific topics include the forms of the Hebrew verb, prose and poetic genres in the Hebrew Bible, wordplay and repetition, narration and dialogue.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 211.
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 212.

RELI 217. Gnosticism. 3 Credits.

A comprehensive survey of ancient Christian Gnosticism, one of the earliest and most long-lived branches of early Christianity, with principal readings drawn from the famous "Nag Hammadi Library. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 218. Christianity and Islam in the Middle Ages. 3 Credits.

This course draws on a variety of cultural documents to explore both the conflict and cross fertilization between the Christian and Islamic cultures of the Middle Ages. Readings and discussions in English. Previously offered as GERM 218.
Gen Ed: HS, GL, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GSLL 218.

RELI 222. Modern Western Religious Thought. 3 Credits.

Representative themes and approaches in the work of modern Western religious thinkers.
Requisites: Prerequisite, PHIL 134 or RELI 122, 126, 140, 161, or 163.
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 224. Modern Jewish Thought. 3 Credits.

This course examines how contemporary thinkers have considered philosophy, ethics, and theology from a Jewish perspective. Methodological points of inquiry include: the role of interpretation in Judaism, revelation and redemption, authority and tradition, pluralism and inclusion, suffering and evil, gender and Jewish philosophy, and 20th-century approaches to God. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 224.

RELI 225. Christian Cultures. 3 Credits.

This course explores the range of cultural manifestations of Christianity in the contemporary world, focusing particularly on differences of race, ethnicity, gender, geography, and class.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 226. Human Animals in Religion and Ethics. 3 Credits.

This course investigates the figure of the human animal in religion and philosophy. What kind of animal is the human, and what separates humans from animals? We will consider how attending to distinctions between humans and animals can highlight varying ideological and religious viewpoints.
Gen Ed: PH, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 227. Luther and the Bible. 3 Credits.

The Reformation was seminal for the development of the modern world. This course will investigate Reformation literature written in the period from the end of the 15th century to the end of the 17th century, and will investigate how Reformation ideas resonate through today. Readings and discussions in English.
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GERM 227.

RELI 232. Shrines and Pilgrimages. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the study of shrines and pilgrimage in multiple cultural contexts.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 233. Religion and Violence. 3 Credits.

This course examines the problematic interplay between religion and violence. It engages and tests accusations that religion is inherently violent through the reading of sacred texts, historical cases, and critical theories.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 234. Historical Sociology of Christianity. 3 Credits.

Takes an historical sociology approach to the study of Christianity. Examines the social conditions that helped give rise to the early Christian movement, follows Christianity as it influences and is influenced by social forces at key points in its historical development, and considers important contemporary developments around the globe.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: SOCI 140.

RELI 235. Place, Space, and Religion. 3 Credits.

A consideration of the attitudes toward place and space as they are expressed in religious ritual and artifact.
Gen Ed: VP.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 236. Religious Things. 3 Credits.

An introduction to religion and visual culture in the United States. The course focuses on painting, ritual objects, and architecture.
Gen Ed: VP, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 239. German Culture and the Jewish Question. 3 Credits.

A study of the role of Jews and the "Jewish question" in German culture from 1750 to the Holocaust and beyond. Discussions and texts (literary, political, theological) in English. Previously offered as GERM 270.
Gen Ed: HS, GL, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GSLL 270, CMPL 270, JWST 239.

RELI 240. Religion, Literature, and the Arts in America. 3 Credits.

Engages literary, performing, and visual arts to explore religion in American culture. Honors version available
Gen Ed: LA, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 241. Messianic Movements in American History. 3 Credits.

The course examines messianic movements in American history raising the questions, What has been the impact of such movements on the nation? What makes America particularly conducive to such movements?
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 242. New Religious Movements in America. 3 Credits.

An introduction to new religious movements in the United States, with emphasis on the nature of conversion and the role of founders.
Gen Ed: SS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 243. Introduction to American Judaism. 3 Credits.

Course provides a comprehensive introduction to American Judaism, its various movements, institutions, theological, and liturgical characteristics, as well as its standing within the larger framework of religious life in America.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 243.

RELI 244. Gender and Sexuality in Western Christianity. 3 Credits.

An examination of the development of teachings on issues of gender and sexuality through the history of Western Christianity, with particular focus on contemporary controversies. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: WGST 244.

RELI 245. Latina/o Religions in the United States-Mexico Borderlands. 3 Credits.

The goal of this course is to orient students in the great diversity of Latina and Latino religious formations in the United States today. Focusing on Indigenous, African, and Catholic Creole "inspirations," this course will focus students to the emergence of a distinctly U.S. Latina/o religious experience. Honors version available
Gen Ed: US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 246. Supernatural Encounters: Zombies, Vampires, Demons, and the Occult in the Americas. 3 Credits.

This course examines accounts of supernatural beings such as zombies and vampires and aims to understand them as popular ways of making sense of the world in the context of uneven and frequently unsettling processes of modernization, neoliberalism, and globalization. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 248. Introduction to American Islam. 3 Credits.

This course surveys Muslim communities in North America in their religious, historical, political, social, and cultural dimensions. Discussion frames include methods for the study of American Muslims, the role of public and media representations of Islam and Muslims, and the place of American Muslims within the larger American religious landscape. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 266. Medieval and Renaissance Christian Cultures. 3 Credits.

This course explores the cultural manifestations of Christianity in the medieval and Renaissance worlds, focusing particularly on interactions with other religions and on differences of gender, geography, and class.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 280. Hindu Gods and Goddesses. 3 Credits.

This courses focuses on the ways Hindu gods and goddesses are experienced in South Asia through analysis of literary works, including texts, film, comic books, performance, and ethnography. We will also examine key Hindu concepts (dharma, karma, and caste) in Hindu religious narratives. Honors version available
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 280.

RELI 283. The Buddhist Tradition: India, Nepal, and Tibet. 3 Credits.

Examines the diverse beliefs, practices, and cultures associated with Buddhism in the Himalayan regions of India, Nepal, and Tibet. Topics include Buddhism's development and spread, the cultural dynamics of Himalayan societies, monasticism, folk religion, revivalism, tourism, gender, globalization, and the role of the state in shaping Buddhist life and culture.
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 300.

RELI 284. The Buddhist Tradition: East Asia. 3 Credits.

An examination of the development of Buddhism after its importation to East Asia.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 284.

RELI 285. The Buddhist Tradition: Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka. 3 Credits.

This course explores the Theravada school of Buddhism and themes in the social, cultural, and political lives of the Theravada Buddhist countries of Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka.
Gen Ed: BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 285.

RELI 286. Premodern Japanese Religions. 3 Credits.

Historical survey of the major premodern religious traditions in Japan: Shinto, Buddhism, Shugendo, and Christianity.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 301.

RELI 287. Modern Japanese Religions. 3 Credits.

Survey of the major religious traditions in modern and contemporary Japan: Shinto, Buddhism, and the New Religions.
Gen Ed: SS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 302.

RELI 288. Chinese Religions. 3 Credits.

Historical introduction to Chinese religions: Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, and folk religion.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 303.

RELI 289. Muhammad and the Qur'an. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the life and significance of the Prophet Muhammad and the sacred scripture of Islam, the Qur'an. It offers discussion of textual sources for Muhammad's biography; his emulation and veneration in Muslim societies; and the nature, compilation, reception history, and range of interpretations of the Qur'an.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 322. Theories of Religion. 3 Credits.

This course addresses terms such as "the sacred," "sacrifice," "the dead," "divinity," and "possession" to explore the limitations and new potentials of religious studies for describing human experience. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 323. Social Theory and Cultural Diversity. 3 Credits.

Introduction to basic thinking about cultural difference (race, gender, nationality, religion, etc.). The course encourages students to examine the ways paradigms shape how we act, think, and imagine as members of diverse cultures in the United States.
Gen Ed: NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 325. Religion, Magic, and Science. 3 Credits.

Critical exploration of the ways in which religion, magic, and science have been constructed as distinct domains of knowledge in the West since the late 19th century.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 332. The Protestant Tradition. 3 Credits.

The course comes to provide students with historical and theological knowledge and conceptual tools that will enable them to understand the very rich and diverse Protestant tradition. Honors version available
Gen Ed: NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 338. Religion in American Law. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the position of religion in American legal and social theory, with particular focus on jurisprudence under the First Amendment.
Gen Ed: PH, US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 340. Liberal Tradition in American Religion. 3 Credits.

An examination of the growth of liberal theological expressions, such as rationalism, romanticism, and modernism, from the early 18th century to the present.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 342. African-American Religious Experience. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. An introduction to the diversity of African American beliefs, experiences, and expressions from the colonial era to the present. Exploration will be both historical and thematic.
Gen Ed: SS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ANTH 342, FOLK 342.

RELI 343. Religion in Modern Israel. 3 Credits.

Examines the major religious groups that operate in the state of Israel and influence its social and cultural development; analyzes the relationship among religion, state, and society in Israel.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 343.

RELI 345. Black Atlantic Religions. 3 Credits.

This course is an introduction to Black Atlantic discourses from ethnographic and religious studies perspectives. Readings will privilege African-inspired performance and aesthetic forms as these are produced in religious practice. Honors version available
Gen Ed: BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 352. Anthropology of Christianity. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to the anthropology of Christianity. Students will explore major themes of interest in the field. This course aims to familiarize students with the diversity of Christian religious experience and expression globally and to explore the mechanisms through which that diversity takes shape in various cultural contexts.
Gen Ed: GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 362. Mary in the Christian Tradition. 3 Credits.

In certain eras, Mary has been more central to Catholic devotion than Christ. This course explores doctrine, liturgy, and popular devotion centering on the Virgin in medieval European Christianity, her impact on colonial religion in the New World, and her roles in Protestantism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Islam. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: WGST 362.

RELI 365. Studies in Christian Theologies and Theologians. 3 Credits.

An investigation of one writer or school in the history of Christian theology as an example of typical methods, positions, and problems within the tradition.
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 366. Medieval Religious Texts. 3 Credits.

In this course students will read major medieval religious texts (Christian, Jewish, and/or Muslim), that permit close study of religious life, culture, and thought during the Middle Ages (broadly defined). The works will be in English translation, but students with appropriate linguistic knowledge may read the texts in their original language.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 367. The Art of Devotion in Medieval and Early Modern Europe. 3 Credits.

This course examines creative expression at the service of religious belief from 1000 to 1700. Poetry, drama, art, architecture, and music will be the texts to understand the religious cultures of this rich period.
Gen Ed: VP, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 368. Race, Sexuality, and Disability in the History of Western Christianity. 3 Credits.

Over time, Christian institutions and traditions have helped constitute contemporary narratives of race, sexuality, and disability in society. This course examines shifting definitions and specific case studies from the premodern era through to contemporary discourses and polemics in America. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 371. Women Mystics. 3 Credits.

An investigation of the forms, characteristics, and variety of the mystical experiences of women in medieval and modern Christianity, with comparative consideration of women mystics and spiritual leaders in at least two other religious traditions.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: WGST 371.

RELI 375. Archaeology of Cult. 3 Credits.

This course examines the archaeological context of Greek religion, cults, and associated rituals from the Bronze Age until the Hellenistic period with emphasis on urban, rural, and panhellenic sanctuaries, and methods of approaching ancient religion and analyzing cult practices.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: CLAR 375.

RELI 381. Religions of South Asia. 3 Credits.

Exploration of the major religious traditions of South Asia. Focuses on the beliefs and practices associated with different traditions, and the ways that these relate to one another and to broader political, historical, and cultural formations. Also addresses questions of modernization, reform, communal violence, and other transformations of religious life.
Gen Ed: SS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 382. The Story of Rama in Indian Culture--Experiential. 3 Credits.

Explores Valmiki's Ramayana (story of the Hindu god Rama), alternate versions of the story, its performance in theater, and its role in politics. Students work outside of class to stage scenes from the Ramayana, open to the public. Students may not receive credit for both ASIA 332 and ASIA 382.
Gen Ed: LA, BN, EE-Performing Arts.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 382.

RELI 383. The Mahabharata: Remembered and Reimagined--Experiential. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the classical Mahabharata as well as modern retellings of the epic in contemporary literature, film, and theater of India. Students work outside class to stage one or more scenes from the Mahabharata, open to the public. Students may not receive credit for both ASIA 333 and ASIA 383.
Gen Ed: LA, BN, EE-Performing Arts.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 383.

RELI 384. Religion and Globalization in Southeast Asia. 3 Credits.

How does globalization affect religious life? How do historical, cultural, and religious traditions mediate the experience of globalization in particular locales? This course analyzes the forces and practices associated with political-economic and cultural globalization in Southeast Asia and explores the religious transformations and innovations that these processes have inspired.
Gen Ed: SS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 384.

RELI 385. Modern Muslims and the Qur'an. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to the multifaceted ways in which Muslims in the modern and contemporary periods have approached, experienced, and interpreted the Qur'an, including discussions of accessibility, hermeneutical methods, and exegetical themes.
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 386. Dance and Embodied Knowledge in the Indian Context. 3 Credits.

In this theory-practice course focusing on religion, performance, and South Asian studies we will analyze the nature of embodied knowledge, aesthetic theory, and the creative power of dance performance in the Indian context. The course also includes a practical component involving embodied experience with Indian classical dance forms.
Gen Ed: VP, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 386, COMM 386.

RELI 390. Topics in the Study of Religion. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Subject matter will vary with instructor but will always be focused on a particular problem or issue.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 9 total credits. 3 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 401. Introductory Biblical Hebrew I. 3 Credits.

The first part of a two-semester introduction to the grammar of biblical Hebrew.
Gen Ed: FL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 402. Introductory Biblical Hebrew II. 3 Credits.

The second part of a two-semester introduction to the grammar of biblical Hebrew.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 401; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: FL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 403. Intermediate Classical Hebrew I. 3 Credits.

A consolidation of the fundamentals of classical Hebrew grammar via readings of biblical texts of various genres (including both prose and poetry).
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 402; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: FL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 404. Intermediate Classical Hebrew II. 3 Credits.

Further readings of classical Hebrew texts, focusing on biblical poetry as well as early postbiblical material (e.g., nonbiblical texts from Qumran, Mishnah/Tosefta).
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 403; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: FL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 409. Greek New Testament. 3 Credits.


Requisites: Prerequisite, GREK 222; Permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GREK 409.

RELI 410. Aramaic/Rabbinic Hebrew. 3 Credits.

Reading texts in rabbinic Hebrew or in biblical and/or talmudic Aramaic, with appropriate grammatical instruction.
Requisites: Prerequisites, RELI 403 and 404; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisites.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 411. Advanced Akkadian. 3 Credits.

Readings in literary, epistolary, and juridical texts.
Requisites: Prerequisites, RELI 403 and 404.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 412. Ugaritic. 3 Credits.

Readings in the alphabetic texts of Ras Shamra and a study of the elements of Ugaritic grammar.
Requisites: Prerequisites, RELI 403 and 404.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 413. Biblical Coptic and Early Egyptian Monasticism. 3 Credits.

Coptic, the last stage of Egyptian, a living language in the Roman and Byzantine period. Thorough grounding in the grammar of the Sahidic dialect as a basis for reading biblical monastic and Gnostic texts.
Gen Ed: BN, FI, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 414. Syriac. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the grammar of Classical Syriac for the purpose of reading Syriac Christian texts from late antiquity. Knowledge of another Semitic language (e.g., Hebrew, Arabic) would be an asset but is not required.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 420. Post-Holocaust Ethics and Theology. 3 Credits.

This course examines the challenges posed to ethics and theology by the Holocaust. We will address philosophical and moral issues such as the problem of evil, divine omniscience, omnipotence, suffering, theodicy, representation, testimony, and an ethics of memory.
Gen Ed: PH, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 420.

RELI 421. Religion and Science. 3 Credits.

This course explores the complex relation between religion and science in the modern world. Public disputes over teaching evolution in American schools serve as a central case study of this.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 423. Ethnicity, Race, and Religion in America. 3 Credits.

A theoretical inquiry into ethnicity, race, and religion as constituents of personal and communal identity. Emphasis on global migrations, colonial and postcolonial relations, diasporic communities, and issues of religious pluralism.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 140; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 424. Gender Theory and the Study of Religion. 3 Credits.

An examination of contemporary gender theory, with particular focus on its application to the study of religion.
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: WGST 424.

RELI 425. Psychology of Religion. 3 Credits.

A critical exploration of the concept of religious experience as defined by such authors as William James and Sigmund Freud. Honors version available
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 426. The Sacrifice of Abraham. 3 Credits.

This course examines philosophical interpretations of the attempted sacrifice by Abraham of his beloved son, offering a comparative approach. The incident in Genesis is remarkably succinct for its controversial subject matter. We will compare this event with representations in Greek drama, the New Testament, and the Qur'an. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 427. Spirit Possession. 3 Credits.

This course explores the phenomenon of spirit possession and introduces students to various theoretical and methodological approaches to its academic study. In addition to critically engaging with accounts of spirit possession from around the world, students will explore various related themes of gender, power, and religious and cultural change.
Gen Ed: SS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 428. Religion and Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Religion studied anthropologically as a cultural, social, and psychological phenomenon in the works of classical and contemporary social thought. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ANTH 428, FOLK 428.

RELI 429. Religion and Society. 3 Credits.

Sociological analysis of group beliefs and practices, both traditionally religious and secular, through which fundamental life experiences are given coherence and meaning.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: SOCI 429.

RELI 438. Religion, Nature, and Environment. 3 Credits.

A seminar on concepts of nature within religions and a variety of world-wide spiritual traditions. Emphasis on sacred space, place, and pilgrimage as a vital intersection of religion and nature. Honors version available
Gen Ed: PH.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 441. Religion in Early America. 3 Credits.

This course examines religion in America from precontact to the Civil War. We will chart the development of religious life, thought, and practice in North America, concentrating on areas later incorporated into the United States, but maintaining broad interest in other Americas. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 442. History of Religion in America since 1865. 3 Credits.

An examination of primary sources in the history of American religion since the Civil War.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 443. Evangelicalism in Contemporary America. 3 Credits.

Juniors or seniors only. Examination of evangelicalism and its role in American society, politics, and culture. Exploration of its various subdivisions and its relation to such movements as fundamentalism, pentecostalism, revivalism, and premillennialism. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 444. Gender and Sexuality in Contemporary Judaism. 3 Credits.

The seminar examines the developments in gender roles and in sexuality in contemporary Judaism.
Gen Ed: CI, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 444, WGST 448.

RELI 445. Asian Religions in America. 3 Credits.

A study of intercultural interaction and interreligious encounter focusing on Asian religions in America, 1784 to the present.
Gen Ed: GL, US.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 445.

RELI 446. Christian-Jewish Relations throughout the Ages. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the varied and complex relationships which have developed between Christianity and Judaism, from the first century to the 21st century.
Gen Ed: HS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 448. Native and Christian: Indigenous Engagements with Christianity. 3 Credits.

This course examines diverse indigenous engagements with Christianity from earliest contacts to the present. Topics range from missionary contestations in colonial Mexico to the fight for religious freedom in 20th-century United States, from historical revitalization movements like the Ghost Dance to contemporary indigenous theologies in North and South America.
Gen Ed: US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 450. Sexuality in Jewish Tradition and History. 3 Credits.

This course deals with various topics related to sexuality and marriage in Jewish tradition and history: sex outside of marriage, wedding ceremonies, regulations of marital sex, menstruation, homosexuality, and more.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: WGST 450.

RELI 454. The Reformation. 3 Credits.

Examines a movement of religious reform that shattered Latin Christendom and contributed many of the conditions of early modern Europe. Emphases: religious, political, social.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 454.

RELI 465. Monotheistic Mysticism. 3 Credits.

In medieval Jewish Kabbalah, Christian mysticism, and Islamic Sufism, devotees attempt to express direct experiences of an infinite God. This course examines theories of mystical language, particularly the negation of language, the turn to the visual and the body, and the tension between communal and individual expressions of the divine.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 474. Buddhist Meditation, Mindfulness, and Modernity. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to a variety of ancient and modern approaches to Buddhist meditation, to their philosophical underpinnings, and to the various claims and purposes associated with mindfulness practices in the past and today. Students will be expected to practice the different types of meditation discussed.
Gen Ed: PH, EE-Field Work.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 480. Modern Muslim Literatures. 3 Credits.

Stresses the diversity of modern Islamic experience by examining the works of various Muslim authors. Genres may include travelogues, memoirs, novels, sermons, and treatises, among others.
Gen Ed: LA, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 481. Religion, Fundamentalism, and Nationalism. 3 Credits.

An exploration of explosive combinations of religion and politics in the Iranian revolution, the Palestinian movement, Hindu nationalism in India, and Christian fundamentalism in America.
Gen Ed: SS, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PWAD 481.

RELI 482. Sex, Gender, and Religion in South Asia. 3 Credits.

This seminar draws on feminist and philosophical theory, including the works of Plato, Butler, and Foucualt, as well as postcolonial theory, to explore the categories of sex and gender in South Asian religions. We also analyze the moral cultivation of the self in relation to gender identity in South Asia.
Gen Ed: PH, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 482, WGST 482.

RELI 485. Gender and Sexuality in Islam. 3 Credits.

This course approaches constructions of gender and sexuality in Muslim societies in diverse historical and geographical contexts. It focuses on changing interpretations of gender roles and sexual norms. Themes include gender in Islamic law, sexual ethics, masculinity, homosexuality, marriage, and dress.
Gen Ed: BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 487. Mountains, Pilgrimage, and Sacred Places in Japan. 3 Credits.

This course explores the role that mountains and pilgrimage have played in Japanese cosmology and how they relate to methodology of studying place and space.
Gen Ed: BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 487.

RELI 488. Shinto in Japanese History. 3 Credits.

This course discusses the development of Shinto in Japanese history and covers themes such as myths, syncretism, sacred sites, iconography, nativism, religion and the state, and historiography.
Gen Ed: BN, CI, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 488.

RELI 489. Animals in Japanese Religion. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. This course examines the cultural construction of animals in Japanese myth, folklore, and religion.
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 489.

RELI 501. The History of the Bible in Modern Study. 3 Credits.

This course will examine how the modern historical-critical enterprise of biblical scholarship arose, out of what historical circumstances, for what purposes, and to what effect. What are its major aspects? How does it relate to other forms of academic and theological inquiry? How has this enterprise fared in recent times?
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 502. Myths and Epics of the Ancient Near East. 3 Credits.

An examination of Babylonian, Canaanite, Egyptian, Hittite, and Sumerian texts from the prebiblical era, focusing on representative myths, epics, sagas, songs, proverbs, prophecies, and hymns. Honors version available
Gen Ed: LA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: FOLK 502.

RELI 503. Exploring the Dead Sea Scrolls. 3 Credits.

A comprehensive introduction to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the different Jewish groups connected with them.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 503.

RELI 504. Readings in Hebrew Bible. 3 Credits.

This course will examine a major corpus of the Hebrew Bible with attention to the full range of historical-critical issues. Attention will be paid as well to early forms of biblical interpretation and their use in the religious life of subsequent communities.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 512. Ancient Synagogues. 3 Credits.

This is a course on ancient synagogues in Palestine and the Diaspora from the Second Temple period to the seventh century CE.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 110; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: VP, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: CLAR 512, JWST 512.

RELI 522. 19th-Century Critiques of Religion. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. An exploration of influential 19th-century critiques of religion, including texts by such thinkers as Feuerbach, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Stanton, Douglass, and Freud.
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 524. Ethnographic Approaches to Contemporary Religion. 3 Credits.

Critical exploration of exemplary contemporary ethnographies of religion focusing on the ways that ethnographic methods and writing styles shape knowledge of religious and cultural life in various traditions and parts of the world. Topics considered include field work, culture, ethics, and the challenges of interpreting and representing religious experience.
Gen Ed: SS, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 525. Seminar in Religion and Literature. 3 Credits.

Seminar topic varies.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 527. Religious Metaphor and Symbol. 3 Credits.

This course explores the myriad and complex issues related to the function of metaphor and symbol in religious language.
Gen Ed: PH, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 528. Rituals and Rhetorics of Religion. 3 Credits.

An examination of ritual, allegory, and symbol as modes of religious expression in cultic and literary contexts.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 530. Genealogies of Religion. 3 Credits.

This seminar explores the historical development of "religion" as a concept and object of academic scholarship through the critical study of key texts and foundational debates about religion in Western thought.
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 540. Mormonism and the American Experience. 3 Credits.

Exploration of the history, beliefs, and practices of Mormons. Will include visits to Latter-Day Saints services, guest speakers, and discussion of race and gender in the contemporary church.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 140; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 541. Evangelicalism from a Global Perspective. 3 Credits.

The course will examine the evangelical tradition from a global perspective, exploring the tradition from its early rise in Europe to its impact on the Americas, Africa, and Asia. Honors version available
Gen Ed: GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 542. Religion and the Counterculture. 3 Credits.

The course examines the interaction between the values and messages of the counterculture and religious groups, ideas, and practices during the Vietnam War era. It also investigates the impact of countercultural norms and styles on the current American religious scene. Honors version available
Gen Ed: US.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 565. Medieval Jews and the Bible. 3 Credits.

This course explores the Jewish interpretation of the Bible, focusing on important commentaries from influential medieval Ashkenazi and Sephardic thinkers.
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 566. Islamic and Jewish Legal Literature. 3 Credits.

This course explores many aspects of the Halakhah, the Jewish traditional legal system, focusing on issues such as rituals, holidays, religious obligations and prohibitions, and laws regulating sexual activity.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 569. Interfaith Marriages and Intimacy in World Religions. 3 Credits.

This seminar explores the topic of intimate relations between people who consider themselves, or are considered by others, to be part of different religious groups. We will explore cases in which such relations achieve the social sanction of marriage and cases in which the relations are of a more temporary nature.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 574. Chinese World Views. 3 Credits.

Explores the indigenous Chinese sciences and the cosmological ideas that informed them. Topics include astronomy, divination, medicine, fengshui, and political and literary theory. Chinese sources in translation are emphasized.
Gen Ed: SS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ANTH 574, ASIA 574.

RELI 580. African American Islam. 3 Credits.

An historical examination of African American Islam in the United States. Explores the intellectual, cultural, social, and political roots of black Islam in addition to its diverse doctrinal, ritual, and institutional manifestations.
Gen Ed: HS, GL, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 581. Sufism. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. A survey of Islamic mysticism, its sources in the Qur'an and the Prophet Muhammad, and its literary, cultural, and social deployment in Arab, Persian, Indic, and Turkish regions.
Gen Ed: BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 581.

RELI 582. Islam and Islamic Art in South Asia. 3 Credits.

A survey of the formation of Islamic traditions in the subcontinent from the eighth century to the present, with emphasis on religion and politics, the role of Sufism, types of popular religion, and questions of Islamic identity.
Gen Ed: HS, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 582.

RELI 583. Religion and Culture in Iran, 1500-Present. 3 Credits.

Iran from the rise of the Safavid empire to the Islamic Republic. Topics include Shi'ism, politics, intellectual and sectarian movements, encounters with colonialism, art and architecture, music, literature.
Gen Ed: HS, BN, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 583.

RELI 584. The Qur'an as Literature. 3 Credits.

A nontheological approach to the Qur'an as a literary text, emphasizing its history, form, style, and interpretation.
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 584.

RELI 585. Religion and Culture of Turkey. 3 Credits.

This course will cover the history of Turkey from the Byzantine period until contemporary times. Key aspects of Turkish culture (architecture, music, poetry to arts) will be covered.
Gen Ed: BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 586. Women and Gender in Japanese Religions. 3 Credits.

This seminar explores the roles of women in the religions of Japan (including Buddhism, Shinto, folk religions, pilgrimage, new religions movements, and new spirituality culture) from goddesses, shamans, nuns, and pilgrims to demons, temptresses, and lesser human beings. The course traces these themes across Japanese socioeconomic and religious history.
Gen Ed: SS, BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 590. Topics in the Study of Religion. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Subject matter will vary with instructor but will always be focused on a particular problem or issue.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 9 total credits. 3 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 592. Religious Conflict and Literature in India. 3 Credits.

Historical causes of violence between Hindus and Muslims in modern India. Short stories, poetry, and novels in translation are used to explore how conflicts over religious sites, religious conversion, image worship, and language contributed to a sense of conflicting religious identity.
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HNUR 592.

RELI 602. What Is Scripture? Formations of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Canon. 3 Credits.

The course traces the past and continued canonical processes that define what the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament has been and is today, with a focus on the history of biblical interpretation.
Gen Ed: LA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: JWST 602.

RELI 603. The Bible and Its Translation. 3 Credits.

This course explores the translation of the Hebrew Bible in the West, with a view toward identifying religious and ideological trends.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 607. Problems in Early Christian Literature and History. 3 Credits.

Honors version available
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 104, 207, 208, 209, 217 or 413; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 608. The Messiah and the Apocalypse. 3 Credits.

Ideas concerning the Messiah and the end of the world held by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Emphasis on the beginning of the Christian era.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 609. Christianity and Greco-Roman Culture. 3 Credits.

The seminar surveys the development of Christianity in the Roman empire and examines a variety of attitudes adopted by early Christians toward Greco-Roman philosophy, religion, education, and literature.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 104, 209, or 217; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 610. Readings in the Apostolic Fathers. 3 Credits.

Reading of the Apostolic Fathers. Students must have completed two courses in New Testament/Early Christianity and two years of Greek.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 617. Death and Afterlife in the Ancient World. 3 Credits.

Examinations of practices and discourses pertaining to death and the afterlife in the ancient civilizations of Near East, Greece, and Rome.
Gen Ed: PH, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 630. Religion and Medicine. 3 Credits.

This course will deal with various interactions of religion and health care in the past and present.
Gen Ed: PH, CI, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 662. Advanced Seminar in Contemporary Catholicism. 3 Credits.

This advanced seminar is for undergraduate and graduate students who have at least a basic knowledge about Catholicism. The range of topics to be discussed is open and will depend on students' interests and suggestions.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 665. Body and Suffering in Christian Mysticism. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. Medieval Christians consistently focused on the suffering body as a means of reflecting on Christ's sacrifice. This course considers how medical theories of cognition, gender, and pain influenced the potential role of the body in medieval mystical experience.
Gen Ed: NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: WGST 664.

RELI 668. Religion and the Spanish Inquisition: Abrahamic Traditions, Indigenous Religions, and Empire. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor for nonmajors. This course on the "Atlantic World" studies Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the medieval Iberian kingdoms, then the religious "other" in the colonial expansion to Mexico, Peru, and the Philippines, by deploying theories concerning race, gender, sexuality, and postcoloniality.
Gen Ed: GL, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 681. Readings in Islamicate Literatures. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Study of selected religious, literary, and historical texts in Arabic, Persian, or Urdu.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit. 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ARAB 681, ASIA 681.

RELI 688. Observation and Interpretation of Religious Action. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Exercises (including field work) in learning to read the primary modes of public action in religious traditions, e.g., sermons, testimonies, rituals, and prayers.
Gen Ed: SS, EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ANTH 688, FOLK 688.

RELI 691H. Honors in Religious Studies. 3 Credits.

Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. Required of all students reading for honors in religious studies.
Gen Ed: EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 692H. Honors in Religious Studies. 3 Credits.

Permission of the director of undergraduate studies. Required of all students reading for honors in religious studies.
Gen Ed: EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 696. Independent Study. 3 Credits.

Advanced undergraduate or graduate standing and permission of the instructor. Subject matter should be arranged with a specific instructor.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 697. Capstone: Undergraduate Seminar. 3 Credits.

Majors only. Concentrating on a different theme each year, this departmental seminar introduces the different areas and approaches in religious studies.
Gen Ed: CI.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

RELI 700. Theory and Method in the Study of Religion. 3 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. A basic problems and methods course required of all graduate students in religious studies.

RELI 702. Religion and Literature of Israel. 3 Credits.

A study of the religious traditions in ancient Israelite literature from the 12th through the second centuries BCE.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit.

RELI 703. Critical Approaches to the Study of the Hebrew Bible and its History of Interpretation. 3 Credits.

Exploration of current critical approaches to the study of the Hebrew Bible, including those oriented toward a study of its interpretive history.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 3 total credits. 1 total completions.

RELI 704. Readings in Religions of the Ancient Near East. 3 Credits.

Focusing on the Mediterranean religions before Alexander, the course consists of readings of original documents in translation, illustrating theology and cult, as well as on the major history of religions interpretations.

RELI 707. Early Christian History and Literature. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. A critical study of the history and literature of early Christianity from Paul to Irenaeus, with texts to be read in the original languages.

RELI 712. Early Jewish History and Literature. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. An examination of the main varieties of pre-rabbinic Judaism: Hellenistic Judaism, apocalyptic Judaism, and the Judaism of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

RELI 718. Readings in Greco-Roman Religion. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Opportunity for reading of ancient documents representing the more important religious trends of the Greco-Roman world.

RELI 720. Critical and Comparative Lineages in Religion and Culture. 3 Credits.

Exploration of intellectual lineages shaping the contemporary study of religion and culture.

RELI 721. Theories of Religion and Culture. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Studies in early modern, Enlightenment and Romantic political, philosophical, and literary texts.

RELI 723. Critical Approaches to Religion and Culture. 3 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. Exploration of various forms of contemporary critical thought (including gender theory, critical race theory, and postcolonial studies) in order to assess the value of these critical tools for the study of religion.

RELI 724. Ethnographic Research Methods: Ethnography of Religion and Religious Formations. 3 Credits.

This course engages the practices, politics, ethics, and epistemology of ethnography as a technique of data production, analysis, and representation. While we will privilege issues and themes related to the study of religion, the course offers a broad, multidisciplinary approach to the construction and execution of ethnographic research.

RELI 729. Religion and Modernity. 3 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. This course examines the relationships between religion and modernity, both as conceptual categories and through ethnographic studies of religion and/in modern life.

RELI 734. Studies in the Rhetoric of Images. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Selected readings on image production, exhibition, and interpretation, with consideration of different ritual and cultic settings.

RELI 735. Critical Works in Religion and Literature. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Textual analysis of several theoretical and literary works dealing with selected problems in religion and literature.

RELI 740. Approaches to the Study of Religion in the Americas. 3 Credits.

Explores methods, theories, and genealogies that shape the study of religion in the Americas. The course introduces students to key historiographical contexts and theoretical debates that will help them situate the field within the discipline of Religious Studies.

RELI 741. Themes in African American Religious History. 3 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. A historical and thematic survey of the religions of African Americans from the precolonial era to the present.

RELI 742. Religion and Literature in America. 3 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. A study of the religious tradition in American literature from the Puritan period to the present.

RELI 743. Current Trends in American Judaism. 3 Credits.

The course aims at examining the current developments in American Judaism: cultural, spiritual, liturgical, as well as social and institutional.

RELI 744. Religion in Colonial Americas. 3 Credits.

A study of religion in the Americas from pre-contact indigenous communities to 19th century wars of independence. The course examines cases of migration, encounter, rebellion, and institutionalization across the continent and introduces theoretical debates about colonialism, hybridity, revival, and revolution.

RELI 745. Religion in Postcolonial Americas. 3 Credits.

A study of religion in the Americas through the lens of post-colonialism understood as a concept, a method, and an historical period. This course introduces students to theoretical debates about power, culture, history, and representation to better understand the present and future of the field.

RELI 746. The Christian-Jewish Encounter in America. 3 Credits.

Course examines the Christian-Jewish encounter in America from the 17th century to the present. Analyzes both theological and social interactions.

RELI 760. Approaches to Medieval and Early Modern Studies. 3 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. An introduction to the problems and methods in the study of medieval and early modern religion in the West.

RELI 780. Approaches to Islamic Studies. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the academic study of Islam and Muslims, including the history of the field, theory and method in Islamic studies, pedagogy, and important subfields. Gateway course.

RELI 782. Islam and Reform. 3 Credits.

Exploration of reformist intellectual movements in modern Muslim societies, paying close attention to the case of post-revolutionary Iran and examining the compatibility of Islam and human rights, women's rights, democracy, and fresh hermeneutical approaches to scriptures.

RELI 785. Critical Genealogies of Middle East Studies. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. This seminar is the core course for the graduate certificate in Middle East studies. It is an introduction to critical issues in the study of the Middle East, focusing on classic works of the humanities and social sciences.

RELI 801. Seminar in Biblical Studies. 3 Credits.

Topics vary; consult the department.

RELI 803. Advanced Hebrew Readings. 3 Credits.

Required preparation, proficiency in Hebrew. Primary readings in portions of the Hebrew Bible (e.g., Pentateuch, Deuteronomistic History, prophetic texts, Psalms) or in non-biblical texts (pre-exilic inscriptions, Dead Sea Scrolls) with attention to issues of interpretation.

RELI 804. Ancient Israelite Religion. 3 Credits.

Explores the field of ancient Israelite religion as it has been conceived in contemporary scholarship. We will review the relevant textual and archaeological data, acquaint ourselves with current debates, and examine the different approaches that scholars have adopted to the problem of ancient Israelite religion.

RELI 805. Historical Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the historical development of ancient Hebrew within a comparative Semitic framework, with attention to the full range of relevant textual evidence (e.g., biblical Hebrew, pre-exilic inscriptions, Dead Sea Scrolls).

RELI 807. Hellenistic Religious Texts in Greek. 3 Credits.

Studies in Greek texts drawn from early Christianity, Judaism, and other religions of the Greco-Roman World.

RELI 808. The Apostolic Fathers. 3 Credits.

Required preparation, proficiency in Greek. Permission of the instructor. A study of selected works of the Apostolic Fathers, including Barnabas, Ignatius, and Polycarp.

RELI 809. Textual Criticism of the Greek Bible. 3 Credits.

Required preparation, proficiency in Greek. Permission of the instructor. Reconstruction; application of text-critical principles.

RELI 810. Readings in Early Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Readings from apocalyptic texts in the original languages.

RELI 812. Diaspora Judaism. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor for undergraduates. Seminar examines the evidence for the ancient Jewish communities of Egypt, Rome, Asia Minor, and Mesopotamia.
Same as: CLAR 812.

RELI 813. Readings in Talmud. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. An introduction to the study of the Babylonian Talmud in the original Hebrew and Aramaic, with the traditional commentaries. The emphasis is on understanding Talmudic logic.

RELI 814. Problems in Rabbinic Historiography. 3 Credits.

Examination of the methodological problems of using rabbinic materials as sources for the history of Judaism in the period after 70 CE.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 712; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.

RELI 817. Ancient Rhetoric and Early Christianity. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Survey of the development of rhetorical theory and practice through the Hellenistic and Roman Period. Explores the connection between rhetorical tradition and early Christian literature.

RELI 818. The Gnostic Scriptures. 3 Credits.

Close reading and interpretation of ancient Gnostic texts found near Nag Hammadi in Egypt.
Requisites: Prerequisite, RELI 413; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.

RELI 819. Ancient Philosophy and Early Christianity. 3 Credits.

Required preparation, proficiency in Greek and/or Latin. Survey of the Hellenistic schools of philosophy and their impact on early Christian theories of the universe, ethics, cultural history, and salvation.

RELI 821. Seminar in Religion and Culture. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Topics vary; consult the department.

RELI 823. Postcolonial Approaches to the Study of Religion. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. An examination of major themes in contemporary postcolonial thought, and the application of this work to the study of religion.

RELI 835. Space, Place, and Religion. 3 Credits.

This interdisciplinary graduate seminar focuses on religion, space, and place in the United States.

RELI 838. Topics in Religion and Law. 3 Credits.

This course examines selected themes in legal and social theory relating to the position of religion in contemporary American society.

RELI 840. Seminar in American Religion. 3 Credits.

Topics vary. May be repeated for credit.

RELI 841. Religion and Social Issues in America. 3 Credits.

Historical analysis of the relationship between religious developments and social issues in America. Topics may include economics, politics, and social reform.

RELI 842. Religion and Cultural Contact in America. 3 Credits.

Examination of religion in America through instances of intercultural contact. Topics vary.

RELI 843. Roman Catholicism in America. 3 Credits.

A seminar on Roman Catholicism in the United States that also considers developments elsewhere in the Western hemisphere. Focus is on ritual practice and visual culture.

RELI 866. Medieval Religious Texts. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Selected texts which illumine significant aspects of medieval religious culture are read in the original languages.

RELI 867. Texts of the Catholic and Protestant Reformations. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Selected texts which illumine significant aspects of the Catholic and Protestant Reformations are read in the original languages.

RELI 870. Methods and Topics in the Study of Western Religious Traditions. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Exploration of one enduring issue in the history of the Western Christian tradition. The instructor selects several case studies that illustrate both the topic and the developments within traditions.

RELI 881. Islamic Thought. 3 Credits.

Required preparation, proficiency in Arabic and/or Persian. Advanced study of major Islamic thinkers and topics, based on original language texts and modern scholarly interpretations.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit.

RELI 885. The Study of Asian Religions and the Construction of the Field. 3 Credits.

Introduction to major approaches and methodological questions in the study of Asian religions. This course serves as a gateway course.

RELI 890. Topics in the Study of Religion. 3-9 Credits.

Graduate standing in religious studies or permission of the instructor. Topics vary.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics.

RELI 891. Topics in Islamic Studies. 3 Credits.

Graduate seminar on critical issues in Islamic studies. Topics vary.

RELI 900. Readings and Research. 3-9 Credits.

Permission of the instructor.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics.

RELI 990. Preliminary Preparation. 1-15 Credits.

RELI 993. Master's Research and Thesis. 3 Credits.

RELI 994. Doctoral Research and Dissertation. 3 Credits.