PEACE, WAR, AND DEFENSE (PWAD)

PWAD 69. First-Year Seminar: Wars and Veterans: Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan. 3 Credits.

In this seminar, we will explore the various ways that Iran-Iraq, United States-Iraq, and United States-Afghanistan wars have been portrayed in literature, film, and photography. We will deepen and enrich our understanding of war experienced by both veterans and civilians. We will also read articles on war criticism and psychology.
Gen Ed: LA, CI, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 69.

PWAD 89. First-Year Seminar: Special Topics. 3 Credits.

Content varies by semester.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 101. Making Public Policy. 3 Credits.

Overview of the policymaking process and of major public policy issues. Study of policy and political challenges in areas such as economic and tax policy, the social safety net, income support and the minimum wage, health care, education, environment and energy, foreign policy and national security, and homeland security. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PLCY 101.

PWAD 108. Our Energy and Climate Crises: Challenges and Opportunities. 4 Credits.

Students quantify global depletion of energy resources and accompanying environmental degradation, hence discovering the profound changes in attitudes and behavior required to adjust to diminished fossil fuels and modified climate.
Gen Ed: PL, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ENEC 108.

PWAD 110. Global Policy Issues. 3 Credits.

Global issues are challenges whose sources, impacts, and solutions extend beyond the borders of any one country. This course introduces students to some of the most pressing issues facing populations around the globe and to possible policy responses. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PLCY 110, GLBL 110.

PWAD 120. World Regional Geography. 3 Credits.

A survey of the geographic structure of human activity in major world regions and nations. Emphasizes current developments related to population, urbanization, and economic activity. (Core)
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GEOG 120.

PWAD 132. Southeast Asia since the Early 19th Century. 3 Credits.

Comparative colonialism, nationalism, revolution, and independence movements. Topics include Indonesia and the Dutch, Indochina under French rule, United States involvement in the Philippines and Vietnam, communist and peasant movements, Cambodian revolution.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 132, ASIA 132.

PWAD 134. Modern East Asia. 3 Credits.

Comparative and interdisciplinary introduction to China and Japan in the 19th and 20th centuries, focusing on impact of the West, nation building, industrialization, and evolution of mass society.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 134, ASIA 134.

PWAD 150. International Relations and World Politics. 3 Credits.

The analysis of politics among nations. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 150.

PWAD 205. War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1618-1815. 3 Credits.

The history of European international politics from the outbreak of the Thirty Years War to the Congress of Vienna. Considers the sources of national power, the reasons for war, and the changing nature of diplomacy.
Gen Ed: GL, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 205.

PWAD 206. War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1815-1945. 3 Credits.

The history of international politics from the fall of Napoleon to the end of the Second World War, with special attention to European nationalism, imperialism, the emergence of non-European great powers, the reasons for war, and the search for peace.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 206.

PWAD 207. The Global Cold War. 3 Credits.

A survey of the Cold War from its origins in the aftermath of the Second World War to its conclusion in the late 1980s. Focuses on the geopolitical, military, ideological, and economic aspects of the global superpower conflict.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 207.

PWAD 212. History of Sea Power. 3 Credits.

The influence of sea power on international affairs will be surveyed from ancient times to the present. Emphasis on United States naval history and its interaction with diplomacy, economics, and technology.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 212.

PWAD 213. Air Power and Modern Warfare. 3 Credits.

Examines air power theory and practice from 1914 to the present. Focuses on the application of air power as an instrument of war and the effectiveness of that application.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 213, AERO 213.

PWAD 220. The Politics of Public Policy. 3 Credits.

Examines approaches to American politics and public policy and analyzes why government responds to problems in predictable ways.
Gen Ed: SS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PLCY 220.

PWAD 235. Israeli Cinema: Gender, Nation, and Ethnicity. 3 Credits.

The course explores major periods and trends in Israeli cinema. Focus is given to issues pertaining to gender, ethnicity, and the construction of national identity.
Gen Ed: VP, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 235, JWST 235.

PWAD 245. The United States and the Cold War: Origins, Development, Legacy. 3 Credits.

This is both a wide-ranging and detailed course that looks at the origins, the evolution, and the termination of the Cold War from 1945 to 1989/90. It also considers the "New Cold War" with Russia that developed in 2014. The course is based on an international and multinational perspective.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 245.

PWAD 251. The Thirty Years War (1618-1648): Europe in an Age of Crisis. 3 Credits.

A critical examination of the significance of the Thirty Years' War for 17th-century Europe's social, religious, military, and geopolitical history. The representation of the conflict in art and literature also receives attention.
Gen Ed: HS, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 251.

PWAD 252. International Organizations and Global Issues. 3 Credits.

Examines international organizations and their relationships with and impact upon international politics, international law, and selected global issues. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 252.

PWAD 253. Problems in World Order. 3 Credits.

An examination of selected topics in international relations, such as security and defense, international integration, and north-south relations.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 253.

PWAD 254. War and Society in Early Modern Europe. 3 Credits.

A critical examination, from the Renaissance to the Napoleonic period, of the changes in European land and naval warfare and their impact on society and government.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 254.

PWAD 260. Crisis and Change in Russia and Eastern Europe. 3 Credits.

Draws on historical, political, economic, and sociological perspectives to analyze social, cultural, and institutional change.
Gen Ed: SS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 260, SOCI 260.

PWAD 262. History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews. 3 Credits.

Anti-Semitism; the Jews of Europe; the Hitler dictatorship; evolution of Nazi Jewish policy from persecution to the Final Solution; Jewish response; collaborators, bystanders, and rescuers; aftermath.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 262, JWST 262.

PWAD 268. War, Revolution, and Culture: Trans-Atlantic Perspectives, 1750-1850. 3 Credits.

The course explores the dramatic historical changes from 1750 to 1850 and their intersection with and reflection in arts, literature, and music in a trans-Atlantic perspective.
Gen Ed: HS, GL, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 272. The Ethics of Peace, War, and Defense. 3 Credits.

An analysis of ethical issues that arise in peace, war, and defense, e.g., the legitimacy of states, just war theory, terrorism, weapons of mass destruction.
Gen Ed: PH, GL, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PHIL 272, POLI 272.

PWAD 275. History of Iraq. 3 Credits.

History of Iraq from ancient times to the present.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 275, ASIA 275.

PWAD 277. The Conflict over Israel/Palestine. 3 Credits.

Explores the conflict over Palestine during the last 100 years. Surveys the development of competing nationalisms, the contest for resources and political control that led to the partition of the region, the war that established a Jewish state, and the subsequent struggles between conflicting groups for land and independence.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 277, ASIA 277.

PWAD 280. Anthropology of War and Peace. 3 Credits.

Cross-cultural perspectives on war in its relation to society, including Western and non-Western examples. Surveys political, economic, and cultural approaches to warfare and peacemaking.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ANTH 280.

PWAD 281. The Pacific War, 1937-1945: Its Causes and Legacy. 3 Credits.

An examination of the origins of the Pacific War, the course of this bitter and momentous conflict, and its complex legacy for both Asia and the United States.
Gen Ed: HS, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 281, ASIA 281.

PWAD 283. Freedom, Terror, and Identity: Modern Philosophy from Kant to Arendt. 3 Credits.

This course investigates how philosophical thought motivates, inspires, and generates forms of agency and identity against cultural tendencies that limit or erode freedom. Readings, lecture, and discussion in English.
Gen Ed: PH, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GERM 283.

PWAD 287. Strategy and International Relations. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the study of strategic decision making in international relations, with an emphasis on the application of basic game theoretic models. Incorporates in-class simulations of international relations scenarios.
Gen Ed: SS, GL, QI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 287.

PWAD 289. Sounds of War and Revolution. 3 Credits.

Music's roles in war and revolution within various political, social, and cultural contexts. Part of the cluster "War, Revolution and Culture-Transatlantic Perspectives, 1750-1850.
Gen Ed: VP, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: MUSC 289.

PWAD 330. Negotiation and Mediation: The Practice of Conflict Management. 3 Credits.

Students will learn about meeting their interests when in conflict with another individual, organization, or government, redefining the meanings of "winning" and "power," and coping with stress, discomfort, and emotions when in conflict. Students will learn new negotiation and mediation skills, build upon existing ones, and challenge assumptions regarding conflict.
Gen Ed: CI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PLCY 330.

PWAD 331. Cracking India: Partition and Its Legacy in South Asia. 3 Credits.

What happened when the British carved Pakistan out of the Muslim-dominated corners of India? Readings and films focus on the causes and consequences of this event, the Partition of India.
Gen Ed: HS, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 331, HIST 335.

PWAD 339. US-Italian Encounters: War, Tourism, Myth. 3 Credits.

Analyzing novels, memoirs, films, and military documents on the Allies' occupation of Italy in World War II, this seminar will ask what it means to go to war in a country associated with art, pleasure, and tourism, and how the WWII encounter influenced postwar relations.
Gen Ed: HS, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ITAL 339.

PWAD 350. National and International Security. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the problem of war and violent conflict in human experience and the contemporary world, and efforts to prevent, avoid, or ameliorate war and its effects. Content will vary by instructor and disciplinary perspective but will include causes of war, deterrence, irregular war, and the future of war.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 351. Global History of Warfare. 3 Credits.

The history of warfare from its prehistoric origins to the present. The focus is on interactions between peoples around the world and particularly on the problems of innovation and adaptation.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 351.

PWAD 352. The History of Intelligence Operations. 3 Credits.

This course reviews the historic development of intelligence organizations and operations. Primary focus is on the modern world and the correlation between intelligence and national security concerns.
Gen Ed: NA.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 353. Intelligence Analysis: Research Methods and Writing. 3 Credits.

Examines intelligence analysis methodology and products from a variety of settings and customer-types. An overview of the intelligence process and of collection strategies will also be conducted. The primary emphasis will be on conducting actual analysis of raw information to produce an intelligence estimate as a capstone to the course.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 354. War and Gender in Movies. 3 Credits.

The course examines and compares the images of war and gender that movies from different time periods and countries propagate and explores the different factors that influence these images and thereby the perception and recollection of war. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 354, WGST 353.

PWAD 355. Terrorism and Political Violence. 3 Credits.

This course is a multi-disciplinary analysis of the phenomena of terrorism and political violence, their history, causes, the threat they pose, and what steps the United States can take in response.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: COMM 355.

PWAD 356. Strategic Intelligence and International Security. 3 Credits.

Course investigates policies, issues, key problems, and potential solutions in strategic intelligence and international security. In addition to readings and class simulations, the students will write an issue paper similar to those prepared within the national security community assessing the future environment and suggesting policies and strategies.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 357. International Intelligence Services. 3 Credits.

This course examines international intelligence services within the context of national and homeland security. Prominent subjects include human intelligence (HUMINT), covert action, and counterintelligence, as well as the organizations, missions, and functions of international intelligence and security services.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 358. Cyber Security: Advanced and Persistent Threats to National Security. 3 Credits.

Course investigates the concept, framework, and applications of cyber security; analyzes the relevant contextual background and current cyber security issues. Addresses cyber security from the perspective of the relevance of cyber security within national and international security policy formulation and implementation. Not a computer science nor information technology course.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 359. Comparative History of National Intelligence Regimes. 3 Credits.

Explores the origins and evolution of national intelligence regimes in various countries throughout the latter half of the 20th century. Includes comparative examples from intelligence services in the United States, the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia, Israel, Great Britain, China, and Iraq. Applies historical knowledge to understanding current intelligence issues, such as telecommunications monitoring, drone warfare, and counterterrorism.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 360. The History of Warning Intelligence. 3 Credits.

Course studies the evolution of the warning mission and its role in modern intelligence organizations. Primarily but not entirely focused on the American experience. Ancient through modern case studies are used with a particular emphasis on the methodologies developed to improve warning and the problems inherent to the warning mission.
Gen Ed: HS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 361. The History of Deception. 3 Credits.

Course examines strategic, operational, and tactical deception in warfare through history. This process entails describing and assessing the objectives, methodologies, and results of specific deception operations. There is a particular emphasis on the role of deception regarding intelligence collection and analysis, as well as the methods utilized to detect deception.
Gen Ed: HS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 362. The Arab-Jews: Culture, Community, and Coexistence. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to examine Jewish life in Arab lands in the last century by examining culture, language, and the communal life that the Arab-Jews shared with their neighbors.
Gen Ed: GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 357, JWST 357.

PWAD 363. Ethical Issues in Intelligence and National Security. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the unique ethical and moral challenges that intelligence and national security present for policymakers, intelligence professionals, and citizens. Examples are drawn from a variety of places and times throughout history, with an emphasis on U.S. examples.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 364. Post-Conflict and Peacebuilding. 3 Credits.

This course considers theories of peacebuilding and state-building, investigates the various challenges facing post-conflict states, and assesses the role that international actors play in this process. Case study based.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 368. War and American Society to 1903. 3 Credits.

The American military experience from colonial times to the early 20th century. Major themes include the problem of security, the development of military policies and institutions, and the way in which the country waged and experienced war.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 368.

PWAD 369. War and American Society, 1903 to the Present. 3 Credits.

Survey of America's military experience in the 20th century, focusing on national security policy, military institutions, World Wars I and II, the Cold War, the Korean and Vietnam Wars, and recent interventions.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 369.

PWAD 373. The United States in World War II. 3 Credits.

A history of the United States in World War II (1941-1945): home front and military front.
Gen Ed: HS, GL, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 373.

PWAD 376. The Rhetoric of War and Peace. 3 Credits.

Explores philosophical assumptions and social values expressed by advocates of war and peace through a critical examination of such rhetorical acts as speeches, essays, film, literature, and song.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: COMM 376.

PWAD 393. Internship in Peace, War, and Defense. 3-6 Credits.

Students are encouraged to undertake unpaid internships with branches of the federal government, international organizations, and selected nongovernment organizations. Pass/Fail only, with the written approval of the department chair. Does not count as a course in the major, but can be combined with an independent study such as PWAD 396.
Gen Ed: EE-Academic Internship.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit. 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Pass/Fail.

PWAD 396. Independent Study in Peace, War, and Defense. 1-6 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Independent study and reading. Special reading and research activities in a selected field under the supervision of a faculty member.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit. 6 total credits. 2 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 411. Social Movements and Collective Behavior. 3 Credits.

Study of nonroutine collective actions such as demonstrations, strikes, riots, social movements, and revolutions, with an emphasis on recent and contemporary movements. Students may not receive credit for both SOCI 413 and SOCI 411.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: SOCI 411.

PWAD 416. Constitutional Policies and the Judicial Process. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the structure and functions of judicial systems emphasizing the organization, administration, and politics of judicial bureaucracies and roles of judges, juries, counsel, litigants, and interested groups in adjudication processes.
Gen Ed: SS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 416.

PWAD 421. Alexander. 3 Credits.

The rise of Macedonia; the careers of Philip II and Alexander (with emphasis on the latter's campaigns); the emerging Hellenistic Age. The course integrates computer (including Web site) and audiovisual materials throughout.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 421.

PWAD 422. Ancient Greek Warfare. 3 Credits.

War and the warrior in the archaic and classical Greek world, seventh to the fourth centuries BCE.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 422.

PWAD 425. Beyond Hostilities: Israeli-Palestinian Exchanges and Partnerships in Film, Literature, and Music. 3 Credits.

Focuses on the various collaborations, exchanges, and mutual enrichment between Israelis and Palestinians in the realm of culture, particularly literature and cinema. These connections include language (Israeli Jewish authors writing in Arabic and Palestinian writers who choose Hebrew as their language of expression), collaborating in filmmaking, and joint educational initiatives.
Gen Ed: BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 425, JWST 425.

PWAD 430. Analysis of National Security Policy. 3 Credits.

Course explores contemporary threats to national security, approaches to national security strategy, policy instruments, the role of military force, and the policy-making process.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PLCY 430, POLI 430.

PWAD 432. The Crusades. 3 Credits.

Students in this course will examine Christian attitudes toward holy war, crusading, and other forms of coercive violence from the 11th until the 15th centuries, with a focus on the major crusades of the Holy Land.
Gen Ed: HS, NA, WB.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 435. The Cinemas of the Middle East and North Africa. 3 Credits.

This course explores the social, cultural, political, and economic contexts in which films are made and exhibited and focuses on shared intra-regional cinematic trends pertaining to discourse, aesthetics, and production.
Gen Ed: VP, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ASIA 435.

PWAD 442. Conflict and Bargaining. 3 Credits.

Conflict and conflict-resolution behavior. Applications to labor-management relations, family, sports, community politics, international relations.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: SOCI 442.

PWAD 443. American Foreign Policy: Formulation and Conduct. 3 Credits.

The role of Congress, the press, public opinion, the president, the secretary and the Department of State, the military, and the intelligence community in making American foreign policy. Emphasizes the impact of the bureaucratic process on the content of foreign policy.
Requisites: Prerequisite, POLI 150; permission of the instructor for students lacking the prerequisite.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 443.

PWAD 444. Seminar on Terrorism. 3 Credits.

This course explores the causes of terrorist behavior. The course also examines the government's response to terrorism, the internal implications of terrorists' campaigns, and prospects for conflict resolution.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 444.

PWAD 452. Imagining Palestine. 3 Credits.

Explores how Palestine is portrayed in writings, films, and other creative works and how Palestinian portrayals of homeland affect others' perceptions of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and the Arab World.
Gen Ed: LA, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ARAB 452.

PWAD 453. Political Geography. 3 Credits.

The geography of politics is explored at the global, the nation-state, and the local scale in separate course units, but the interconnections between these geographical scales are emphasized throughout. (GHA)
Gen Ed: GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GEOG 453.

PWAD 455. 9/11 and Its Aftermath. 3 Credits.

Examines the nature of Islamic fundamentalist terrorism and strategies for addressing it, including analysis of post-9/11 changes to United States national security strategy, law enforcement and intelligence, and homeland security.
Gen Ed: GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PLCY 455.

PWAD 457. International Conflict Processes. 3 Credits.

Analysis of international conflict and the causal mechanisms that drive or prevent conflict. Emphasis is on the conditions and processes of conflict and cooperation between nations.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 457.

PWAD 458. International Conflict Management and Resolution. 3 Credits.

Examines the management and resolution of international and civil wars.
Requisites: Prerequisite, POLI 150.
Gen Ed: SS.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 458.

PWAD 459. Trans-Atlantic Security. 3 Credits.

The course explores the development of Euro-Atlantic security institutions (NATO, EU) and compares security policy in the United States and Europe. Cases include policy toward the Balkans, Afghanistan, Russia, and Ukraine. Includes review of concepts of security and selected international relations approaches to international organizations.
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 459.

PWAD 460. International Economics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to international trade, the balance of payments, and related issues of foreign economic policy.
Requisites: Prerequisites, ECON 400 and 410; a grade of C or better in ECON 400 and 410 is required.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ECON 460, EURO 460.

PWAD 465. Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in Russia and Eastern Europe. 3 Credits.

Literary representation in fiction, poetry, memoirs, and other genres of the mass annihilation and terror in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union under the Nazi and Communist regimes. Taught in English; some foreign language readings for qualified students.
Gen Ed: LA, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: SLAV 465, JWST 465.

PWAD 467. Language and Political Identity. 3 Credits.

This course examines the roles of language policy and linguistic controversies in determining national identity and fueling political polarization. It focuses primarily on Western and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Previously offered as SLAV 467.
Gen Ed: BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: GSLL 467.

PWAD 469. Conflict and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia. 3 Credits.

Focuses on ethnic and political conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and efforts by the international community to end conflict and promote peace and reconstruction. Honors version available
Gen Ed: SS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: POLI 469.

PWAD 475. Literature of Russian Terrorism: Arson, Bombs, Mayhem. 3 Credits.

Literary representations of Russian revolutionaries and terrorists in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Readings by Dostoevsky, Chernyshevsky, Bely, Joseph Conrad, and by some of the terrorists themselves. Taught in English; some readings in Russian for qualified students.
Gen Ed: LA, BN, CI.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: RUSS 475.

PWAD 481. Religion, Fundamentalism, and Nationalism. 3 Credits.

An exploration of explosive combinations of religion and politics in the Iranian revolution, the Palestinian movement, Hindu nationalism in India, and Christian fundamentalism in America.
Gen Ed: SS, BN, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: RELI 481.

PWAD 484. Critical Security Studies. 3 Credits.

Introduces major topics in the interdisciplinary field of critical security studies. Critically analyzing the public construction of risk and security in military, technological, informational, and environmental domains, the course explores major theories that attempt to make sense of the transnational proliferation of violence and risk in historical and contemporary contexts.
Gen Ed: CI, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ENGL 488.

PWAD 485. Extremism, Terrorism, and Security in Postwar Europe. 3 Credits.

In the debate on how to efficiently combat terrorism without abandoning the rule-of-law, it is often neglected that this is not a new problem. This course will examine European states' reactions to national and international terrorism since the 1960s. Case studies will include Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Honors version available
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 486.

PWAD 486. National Security Decision Making. 3 Credits.

Permission of the Instructor. Explores national security policy formation through analyzing the United States national security apparatus, the elements of national power, and historical examples of their application. Also examines the merits of various approaches to national security decision making. A course for senior majors in PWAD.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 487. Intelligence for National Security. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Course investigates the intelligence function associated with United States national security, focusing on how national security decision-makers (Congress and the Executive Branch) have designed and employed the intelligence apparatus as a component of national power. Case studies and in-class simulations complement the readings and seminar discussions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 488. Nuclear Security in the 21st Century. 3 Credits.

Examines the history of and contemporary problems associated with nuclear security and counter-proliferation.
Gen Ed: HS.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 489. Empire and Diplomacy. 3 Credits.

Examines the history of the British Empire and the role of peace, war, defense, diplomacy, and letters in shaping Britain's presence on the world stage.
Gen Ed: LA, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: CMPL 489.

PWAD 490. Special Topics in Peace, War, and Defense. 3 Credits.

Subject matter will vary with instructor, but will focus on some particular topic or historical approach. Course description available from departmental office.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 517. Gender, Military, and War in Comparative Perspective. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to new research on the history of gender, the military, and war in a comparative perspective. It explores the interrelations between changing military systems, types of warfare, the gender order, as well as political, social, and cultural currents in modern history.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 517, WGST 517.

PWAD 528. Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America. 3 Credits.

This course examines the leftist guerrilla movements that swept Latin America and the Caribbean during the latter half of the 20th century. Students will analyze the origins, trajectories, and legacies of these insurgencies, paying particular attention to the roles of race, class, and gender.
Gen Ed: HS, BN.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 528.

PWAD 564. The American Revolution, 1763-1815. 3 Credits.

Major topics: constitutional conflict in the British empire; independence and war; Confederation and Constitution; growth of political parties and nationality in a period of domestic change and international conflict.
Gen Ed: HS, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 564.

PWAD 565. Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848-1900. 3 Credits.

Focus is on causes, nature, and consequences of the Civil War.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 565.

PWAD 570. The Vietnam War. 3 Credits.

A wide-ranging exploration of America's longest war, from 19th-century origins to 1990s legacies, from village battlegrounds to the Cold War context, from national leadership to popular participation and impact.
Gen Ed: HS, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 570, ASIA 570.

PWAD 574. War and Culture. 3 Credits.

Examines American cultural myths about war generally and specifically about the causes of war, enemies, weapons, and warriors, and the way these myths constrain foreign and defense policy, military strategy, and procurement.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: COMM 574.

PWAD 575. Presidential Rhetoric. 3 Credits.

The power of the presidency depends in part upon the president's ability to rally public opinion, which depends upon the president's ability to use the "bully pulpit." This course examines the hurdles presidents face and the steps presidents take to shape opinion.
Requisites: Prerequisite, COMM 170.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: COMM 575.

PWAD 577. United States Foreign Relations in the 20th Century. 3 Credits.

How the United States came to occupy a leading role in world affairs as a diplomatic, military, economic, and cultural power and what that role has meant to Americans and to other peoples, especially during the Cold War.
Gen Ed: HS, GL, NA.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HIST 577.

PWAD 634. Public Health Issues in Community Preparedness and Disaster Management. 3 Credits.

Examines conventional public health constructs of community preparedness and disaster management. Includes a review of traditional and emerging literature. Emphasizes conceptual development and application of adaptive leadership strategies.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: HPM 634.

PWAD 635. Military Leadership and Public Service. 3 Credits.

Leadership as taught and demonstrated in the military and how it translates to leadership in public service, including the interrelationship of the military and other public service and the transition of veterans to civilian leadership roles.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: PUBA 635.

PWAD 652. International Law. 3 Credits.

Permission of curriculum chair and instructor required. Practical problems of international law, including its nature; treaty making, interpretation, enforcement, and termination; recognition; territory; nationality; jurisdiction and immunities; state responsibility and international claims; and the law of war and neutrality.
Grading status: Letter grade, School of Law
Same as: LAW 252.

PWAD 659. War in 20th-Century Literature. 3 Credits.

A study of literary works written in English concerning World War I, or the Spanish Civil War and World War II, or the Vietnam War. Honors version available
Gen Ed: LA, GL.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ENGL 659.

PWAD 660. War in Shakespeare's Plays. 3 Credits.

The focus is on Shakespeare's various treatments of war in his plays: all his Roman histories, most of his English histories, all his tragedies, even some of his comedies.
Grading status: Letter grade
Same as: ENGL 660.

PWAD 670. Peace Making in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. 3 Credits.

Research-intensive seminar focusing on the barriers preventing peace making from occurring. The course will make a distinction between making peace among individuals and achieving a political solution between governments and organizations.
Gen Ed: CI, EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 672. Political Violence and Insurgency. 3 Credits.

Course explores the concepts and problems of political violence and insurgency in the context of national and international security from a policy maker perspective. Students will conduct research and analysis for policy formulation aimed at countering these problems, and will write a substantial research policy paper.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 673. Post-Conflict Security Challenges. 3 Credits.

A research seminar exploring the post-conflict challenges associated with force demobilization, state building, and military and security sector reforms. This course considers theories of post-conflict security and investigates the assorted challenges faced by post-conflict states. Students will conduct a significant independent research project.
Gen Ed: EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 680. Research Seminar in Peace, War, and Defense. 3 Credits.

Undergraduate research seminar intended to provide an intensive research and writing experience for juniors and seniors in the major. Topic will vary by instructor. This course will emphasize developing research, writing, and presentation skills in topics relevant to the study of the problems of peace and security.
Gen Ed: CI, EE-Mentored Research.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 9 total credits. 3 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 690. Seminars in Peace, War, and Defense. 3 Credits.

Seminars on aspects of peace, war, and defense that lead to the production of a significant research product. Past topics have included arms control, public opinion and national security, and the Cold War.
Repeat rules: May be repeated for credit; may be repeated in the same term for different topics; 9 total credits. 3 total completions.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 691H. Honors in Peace, War, and Defense. 3 Credits.

Permission of the instructor. Directed research on an independent basis for majors who are preparing an honors thesis and for the oral examination on the thesis.
Gen Ed: EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade.

PWAD 692H. Honors in Peace, War, and Defense. 3 Credits.

Directed research on an independent basis for majors who are preparing an honors thesis and for the oral examination on the thesis.
Requisites: Prerequisite, PWAD 691H.
Gen Ed: EE-Mentored Research.
Grading status: Letter grade.