Peace, War, and Defense Major, B.A.

Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense

http://www.unc.edu/depts/pwad

401 Hamilton Hall, CB# 3200

(919) 962-3093

Professor Wayne Lee, Chair and Director of Undergraduate Studies

wlee@unc.edu

Luke Morgan, Student Services Manager

morganlr@email.unc.edu

Peace and war are among the oldest dreams and most difficult challenges of human experience. The curriculum brings together faculty and courses from many disciplines to provide undergraduates with a range of approaches to the fundamental issues of human conflict and national and global security and defense.

Student Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the peace, war, and defense program, students should be able to:

  • Express themselves effectively in written and oral communication
  • Use appropriate research methodology
  • Demonstrate knowledge of major concepts, theoretical perspectives, and history of peace and war
  • Think critically and analytically in approaches to the concepts, perspectives, and history of peace and war
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the interrelationships between the various disciplinary approaches to the study of peace and war

Requirements 

In addition to the program requirements listed below, students must

  • attain a final cumulative GPA of at least 2.0
  • complete a minimum of 45 academic credit hours earned from UNC–Chapel Hill courses
  • take at least half of their major course requirements (courses and credit hours) at UNC–Chapel Hill
  • earn a minimum of 18 hours of C or better in the major core requirements (some majors require 21 hours).

For more information, please consult the degree requirements section of the catalog.

Core Requirements
HIST/PWAD 351Global History of Warfare3
PHIL/PWAD 272The Ethics of Peace, War, and Defense3
PWAD 350National and International Security3
Four courses from one concentration (see course lists below)12
Two courses chosen from outside the area of concentration (see course lists below)6
Additional Requirements
Through level 5 of a single modern foreign language. 13
All General Education requirements must be met. In fulfilling General Education requirements, majors should consider the following courses as helpful preparation for the curriculum:
General Anthropology H
Introduction to Economics H
American History to 1865
American History since 1865
The World since 1945
Early Modern European History, 1450-1815
From War to Prosperity: 20th-Century Europe
Calculus for Business and Social Sciences
Introduction to Ethics H
Social Ethics and Political Thought H
Introduction to Government in the United States H
International Relations and World Politics H
Introduction to European Government H
General Psychology
Sociological Perspectives H
Introduction to Data Analysis
Total Hours30
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

1

Alternatively, students can take one semester of POLI 281 or STOR 151 or STOR 155, or students may suggest a substitute statistics-heavy methodology course.

Concentrations

The three concentrations consist of the following groups of courses.

The Culture of Peace and War

ANTH 280Anthropology of War and Peace3
ARAB 452Imagining Palestine3
ASIA/HIST 276The Modern Middle East3
ASIA/JWST 357/PWAD 362The Arab-Jews: Culture, Community, and Coexistence3
ASIA/JWST/PWAD 425Beyond Hostilities: Israeli-Palestinian Exchanges and Partnerships in Film, Literature, and Music3
ASIA/PWAD 69First-Year Seminar: Wars and Veterans: Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan3
ASIA/PWAD 331Cracking India: Partition and Its Legacy in South Asia3
ASIA/PWAD 435The Cinemas of the Middle East and North Africa3
CMPL/PWAD 489Empire and Diplomacy3
COMM 376The Rhetoric of War and Peace3
COMM 390Special Topics in Communication Study (with approval, based on topic)3
COMM 574War and Culture3
COMM/PWAD 355Terrorism and Political Violence3
COMM/PWAD 575Presidential Rhetoric3
ENGL 659War in 20th-Century Literature H3
ENGL 660War in Shakespeare's Plays3
ENGL 488/PWAD 484Critical Security Studies3
GERM/PWAD 283Freedom, Terror, and Identity: Modern Philosophy from Kant to Arendt3
GSLL 84First-Year Seminar: Terror for the People: Terrorism in Russian Literature and History3
GSLL 85First-Year Seminar: Children and War3
GSLL 467Language and Political Identity3
HIST 132Southeast Asia since the Early 19th Century3
HIST 134Modern East Asia3
HIST 254War and Society in Early Modern Europe3
HIST 262History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews3
HIST 268War, Revolution, and Culture: Trans-Atlantic Perspectives, 1750-18503
HIST 275History of Iraq H3
HIST 277The Conflict over Israel/Palestine3
HIST 281The Pacific War, 1937-1945: Its Causes and Legacy3
HIST 373The United States in World War II3
HIST 421Alexander3
HIST 422Ancient Greek Warfare3
HIST 432The Crusades3
HIST 528Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America3
HIST 565Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848-19003
HIST 570The Vietnam War3
HIST/PWAD 354/WGST 353War and Gender in Movies H3
HIST/PWAD/WGST 517Gender, Military, and War in Comparative Perspective3
ITAL/PWAD 339US-Italian Encounters: War, Tourism, Myth3
LAW 252International Law (permission of the PWAD chair and instructor)3
MUSC 289Sounds of War and Revolution3
PLCY 4559/11 and Its Aftermath3
PLCY/PWAD 330Negotiation and Mediation: The Practice of Conflict Management3
POLI 260Crisis and Change in Russia and Eastern Europe3
POLI 416Constitutional Policies and the Judicial Process3
POLI 450Contemporary Inter-American Relations H3
POLI 469Conflict and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia H3
POLI/PWAD 458International Conflict Management and Resolution3
PWAD/SOCI 411Social Movements and Collective Behavior3
PSYC 490Current Topics in Psychology H3
RELI 481Religion, Fundamentalism, and Nationalism3
RELI 583Religion and Culture in Iran, 1500-Present3
RUSS 475Literature of Russian Terrorism: Arson, Bombs, Mayhem3
SLAV 465Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in Russia and Eastern Europe3
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

International Security and Intelligence

ANTH 280Anthropology of War and Peace3
ARAB 452Imagining Palestine3
ASIA/HIST 276The Modern Middle East3
ASIA/PWAD 331Cracking India: Partition and Its Legacy in South Asia3
CMPL/PWAD 489Empire and Diplomacy3
COMM 390Special Topics in Communication Study (with approval, based on topic)3
COMM/PWAD 575Presidential Rhetoric3
ECON 460International Economics3
ENEC 108Our Energy and Climate Crises: Challenges and Opportunities4
GEOG 120World Regional Geography3
GEOG 453Political Geography3
GSLL 84First-Year Seminar: Terror for the People: Terrorism in Russian Literature and History3
GSLL 85First-Year Seminar: Children and War3
GSLL 467Language and Political Identity3
HIST 134Modern East Asia3
HIST 205War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1618-18153
HIST 213Air Power and Modern Warfare3
HIST 262History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews3
HIST 277The Conflict over Israel/Palestine3
HIST 528Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America3
HIST 577United States Foreign Relations in the 20th Century3
HIST/PWAD 206War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1815-19453
HPM 634Public Health Issues in Community Preparedness and Disaster Management3
LAW 252International Law (permission of the PWAD chair and instructor)3
PLCY 210Policy Innovation and Analysis H3
PLCY 220The Politics of Public Policy H3
PLCY 4559/11 and Its Aftermath3
PLCY/PWAD 101Making Public Policy H3
PLCY/PWAD 110Global Policy Issues H3
PLCY/PWAD 430Analysis of National Security Policy3
POLI 150International Relations and World Politics H3
POLI 231Latin America and the United States in World Politics3
POLI 252International Organizations and Global Issues H3
POLI 253Problems in World Order3
POLI 256The Politics of the First Era (1880-1914) of Globalization3
POLI 260Crisis and Change in Russia and Eastern Europe3
POLI 443American Foreign Policy: Formulation and Conduct3
POLI 450Contemporary Inter-American Relations H3
POLI 469Conflict and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia H3
POLI 631European Security: The Enlarging European Union and the Trans-Atlantic Relationship3
POLI/PWAD 287Strategy and International Relations3
POLI/PWAD 444Seminar on Terrorism3
POLI/PWAD 457International Conflict Processes3
POLI/PWAD 458International Conflict Management and Resolution3
POLI/PWAD 459Trans-Atlantic Security3
PSYC 490Current Topics in Psychology H3
PWAD 352The History of Intelligence Operations3
PWAD 353Intelligence Analysis: Research Methods and Writing3
PWAD 356Strategic Intelligence and International Security3
PWAD 357International Intelligence Services3
PWAD 358Cyber Security: Advanced and Persistent Threats to National Security3
PWAD 359Comparative History of National Intelligence Regimes3
PWAD 360The History of Warning Intelligence3
PWAD 361The History of Deception3
PWAD 486National Security Decision Making3
PWAD 487Intelligence for National Security3
PWAD 488Nuclear Security in the 21st Century3
PWAD 672Political Violence and Insurgency3
RELI 481Religion, Fundamentalism, and Nationalism3
RUSS 475Literature of Russian Terrorism: Arson, Bombs, Mayhem3
SLAV 465Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in Russia and Eastern Europe3
SOCI 481Managing International Conflict3
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

The Evolution of Warfare

COMM 390Special Topics in Communication Study (with approval, based on topic)3
COMM/PWAD 355Terrorism and Political Violence3
ENGL 660War in Shakespeare's Plays3
HIST 212History of Sea Power3
HIST 213Air Power and Modern Warfare3
HIST 245The United States and the Cold War: Origins, Development, Legacy3
HIST 254War and Society in Early Modern Europe3
HIST 262History of the Holocaust: The Destruction of the European Jews3
HIST 268War, Revolution, and Culture: Trans-Atlantic Perspectives, 1750-18503
HIST 275History of Iraq H3
HIST 277The Conflict over Israel/Palestine3
HIST 281The Pacific War, 1937-1945: Its Causes and Legacy3
HIST 368War and American Society to 19033
HIST 369War and American Society, 1903 to the Present3
HIST 373The United States in World War II3
HIST 421Alexander3
HIST 422Ancient Greek Warfare3
HIST 432The Crusades3
HIST 564The American Revolution, 1763-18153
HIST 565Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848-19003
HIST 570The Vietnam War3
HIST 577United States Foreign Relations in the 20th Century3
HIST/PWAD 205War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1618-18153
HIST/PWAD 206War, Diplomacy, and Statecraft, 1815-19453
HIST/PWAD 207The Global Cold War3
HIST/PWAD 251The Thirty Years War (1618-1648): Europe in an Age of Crisis3
HIST/PWAD 528Guerrillas and Counterinsurgencies in Latin America3
HIST 486/PWAD 485Extremism, Terrorism, and Security in Postwar Europe H3
HIST/PWAD 354/WGST 363War and Gender in Movies H3
HIST/PWAD/WGST 517Gender, Military, and War in Comparative Perspective3
MUSC 289Sounds of War and Revolution3
POLI 150International Relations and World Politics H3
POLI/PWAD 444Seminar on Terrorism3
POLI/PWAD 459Trans-Atlantic Security3
PSYC 490Current Topics in Psychology (with approval, based on topic) H3
PWAD 352The History of Intelligence Operations3
SLAV 465Literature of Atrocity: The Gulag and the Holocaust in Russia and Eastern Europe3
H

Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

PWAD 396, PWAD 680, PWAD 490, PWAD 690 and PWAD 691H may be applied toward the concentration requirement with the permission of the chair. Students can request that relevant courses not on this list, but offered as first-year seminars, honors seminars, or topics courses in other departments, be used to fulfill major requirements. This requires the approval of the chair.

Special Opportunities in Peace, War, and Defense

Additional information on all of these subjects, including lists of internship possibilities, can be found on the curriculum's Web site.  

Honors in Peace, War, and Defense

Majors who earn at least a 3.3 overall grade point average and at least a 3.3 grade point average in the major through their junior year may apply to the chair of the curriculum for permission to enroll in PWAD 691H and PWAD 692H. Students interested in honors must take a research seminar in peace, war, and defense (PWAD 670 or PWAD 680), a seminar in history (HIST 398), or another course that provides background in research design. For students who wish to write an honors thesis in their senior year, a thesis topic should be approved by an appropriate thesis director by the end of the junior year. Students prepare an honors thesis in PWAD 691H and PWAD 692H and defend it orally. PWAD 691H can be used to fulfill the student’s chosen concentration requirement; PWAD 692H provides credit hours toward the major but cannot be used to satisfy concentration requirements. Based on faculty evaluations, the baccalaureate degree may be conferred with honors or with highest honors, or merely with course credit.

Departmental Involvement

An undergraduate can participate in the activities and programs of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies at no cost by becoming a Wickersham Scholar. To become a scholar, a student must have a faculty sponsor and a demonstrated interest in international security studies. For more information contact Carolyn Pumphrey at (919) 613-9280 or pumphrey@duke.edu. The curriculum is also now a participating institution in the Intelligence Community: Center for Academic Excellence (IC-CAE).

Experiential Education

Internship courses provide students with the opportunity to earn academic credit while obtaining practical work experience in agencies and organizations clearly related to national and international security. In recent years students have served in these and other agencies: The Central Intelligence Agency, Durham Police Department, Office of Naval Intelligence, Defense Intelligence Agency, Carolina for Kibera, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Peace Action, United States Army Special Operations Command, and many more. Students are limited to one internship for credit, and all internships are limited to three hours of academic credit. Although some routine administrative tasks are required in any professional setting, the expectation is that a majority of the intern’s work will be directed toward the substantive mission of the agency and that tasks will be of a nature to justify awarding academic credit. All internships require prior approval, and all must consist of at least eight hours per week and at least 100 hours per semester. Students must sign an internship contract with their agency and faculty supervisors, setting out expectations and course requirements. Interns are required to keep a daily work journal. Once approved for an internship, students enroll in PWAD 393, which is offered on a Pass/Fail basis only and therefore does not count toward the nine courses required for the major. Students wishing credit towards the major derived from their internship work should pursue an independent study with a faculty supervisor either while taking the internship or in the next semester. That independent study should produce a major written product, would be graded normally, and receives credit in the major.

Study Abroad

The curriculum encourages all undergraduates to study abroad either for a summer, a semester, or an entire year. Students should consult the study abroad Web site and visit the Study Abroad Office as early as possible in their course of study to meet with a study abroad advisor. A number of foreign programs contain courses that qualify for major credit. Of particular usefulness is study at the King’s College, University of London War Studies Department, the closest analogue to the Curriculum in Peace, War, and Defense in the English-speaking world and a program with a renowned faculty. Students with at least a 3.3 grade point average are eligible to apply to King’s College. While supervision arrangements need to be negotiated and agreed with relevant faculty members, students writing honors theses in their senior year may also apply to spend the year at King’s College.

Undergraduate Research

Students who qualify are encouraged to experience original research by writing a senior honors thesis described in the honors section above.